Cover Image
close this book Appropriate Technology in Post - Modern Times
View the document Acknowledgements
View the document Abbreviations
Open this folder and view contents Preface
Open this folder and view contents Part I Kynote papers
Open this folder and view contents PART II Diversity is strength
Open this folder and view contents Part III Perspectives for action
View the document LIST OF REFERENCES
View the document LIST OF PARTICIPANTS
View the document Institutions and Services (Chapter 12)

Abbreviations

AT

Appropriate Technology

AT-Verband

Verband zur Forderung angepaBter, sozial- und umweltvertraglicher Technologien (German AT Association)

BMZ

Bundesministerium fur wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development)

EC

European Community

ECU

European Currency Unit

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GATE

German Appropriate Technology Exchange

GTZ

Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit

ILEIA

Information Centre for Low-External-Input and Sustainable Agriculture

ILO

International Labour Organization

IMF

International Monetary Fund

INSTEAD

Information Service on Technological Alternatives for Development (ILO)

INTIB

Industrial and Technological Information Bank (UNIDO)

ISAT

Information and Advisory Service on Appropriate Technology (GTZ/GATE)

ITDG

Intermediate Technology Development Group

NGO

Non-Governmental Organization

OAU

Organization of African Unity

OECD

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development

PO

People's Organization

PTD

Participatory Technology Development

R&D

Research and Development

T.A.R.A.

Technology and Action for Rural Advancement

TCDC

Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries

TOOL

Technologie Overdracht Ontwikkelings Landen (Transfer of Technology for Development)

UN

United Nations

UNCED

United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (1992)

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization

UNICEF

United Nations Children's Fund

UNIDO

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

The abbreviation AT stands for Appropriate Technology as an approach and a mode of technology practice, while the term appropriate technologies refers to specific technologies or technical artefacts To avoid the widespread confusion over this differentation, the terminology is used in the sense of WILLOUGHBY:

technology

Ensemble of artefacts intended to function as relatively efficient means.

technology practice

Ensemble of operations, activities, situations or phenomena which involve technology to a significant extent.

appropriate technology

Artefacts which have been tailored to fit the context prevailing in a particular location and period.

Appropriate Technology

Mode of technology practice aimed at ensuring that technology is compatible with its context. The term also denotes a general concept, social movement or innovation strategy associated with this mode of technology practice.