| Agricultural policy in India: need for a fresh look (1992) |
This paper presents a brief critique of the agricultural policies followed in India in the past and highlights the need for a national agricultural policy that is farmer-centred. It is argued in the paper that all-round development of the farmer should be the supreme goal of the new agricultural policy. A number of policy instruments appropriate for achieving this goal are identified and briefly discussed. Some of the instruments suggested include organisation of farmers into Anand pattern co-operatives, higher public investment in dry land agriculture, diversification of farming with higher emphasis on high value labour intensive crops, rationalisation of farm subsidies and pricing of irrigation water, and professionalisation of management in the agricultural sector. Need for involvement of non-governmental organisations particularly for organi-sing, conscientising, training and empowering farmers and for establishing institutes for training in agricultural management is also highlighted.