| Experiences From Asias Rural Co-Operatives Workshop report 9 |
|Abstracts of papers|
by Chhaya Datta Pandey
Agricultural co-operatives constitute more than 81.82% of the total co-operatives in Nepal. Co-operative Unions at the district and central levels as well as the National Federation are yet to be established.
Among the main activities of the co-operative societies are the sale of consumer goods and marketing of agricultural produce.
A high-level National Co-operative Development Board (NCDB) was constituted in 1991. The responsibilities of the NCDB included: (a) to work-out suitable policy guidelines and a new legislation relating to the co-operative movement, (b) to create the organisation structure of the movement from the village upward to the National level, and (c) to coordinate the activities of co-operatives all over the country.
A new Co-operative Act was promulgated in May 1992 and, the NCDB has already prepared the policy guide lines, draft co-operative rules, and model bye-laws of agricultural co-operatives.
In an effort to re-vitalize existing co-operatives, the NCDB launched a nation-wide campaign for carrying out detailed situation studies and solving their problems, particularly those relating to over-due loans, bad debts, embezzlements and reconciliation of accounts. The studies havealready been completed, and the final report is expected to come out shortly.
One of the important move currently on is toprepare for holding elections in all co-operatives. The elections are likely to be completed by mid-January 1993.