9. Development of rural co-operatives in Bangladesh
by A Mannan Mazumdar
This paper briefly describes the development of rural co-operatives in Bangladesh in the historical perspectives as well as gradual development efforts including reorganisation and launching of the co-operative movement from time to time. It gives an account of the establishment of Co-operative Department and its functions since 1904 along with subsequent growth and development of the movement till the independence of Bangladesh in 1971. The Co-operative Department continues to remain functional and the activities are in progress up to early nineties. On the other hand, the other stream of co-operative movement was initiated by the Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD) in the early sixties through an experimentation in Comilla which gave birth to a new type of co-operative know as Comilla model of Co-operatives. The Comilla model of Co-operatives also called Two Tier Co-operatives (KSS-TCCA) were organized and replicated throughout the country by the Bangladesh Rural Development Board (BRDB) by phases after the independence of Bangladesh. By now 450 Thanas have been brought under BRDB is working for the upliftment of the rural masses. Both streams of the co-operative movement in Bangladesh have experiences hindrance and success. Development of co-operatives is basically the socio-economic development of human resources. It is a continuous process and is going on in its own way.