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close this book Application of biomass-energy technologies
View the document Foreword
close this folder Introduction
View the document A. The need for modernization
View the document B. Experience from case studies
close this folder I. Woodfuel production technologies
View the document A. Introduction
View the document B. Botswana
View the document C. Lesotho
View the document D. Malawi
View the document E. Mozambique
View the document F. Swaziland
View the document G. United Republic of Tanzania
View the document H. Zambia
View the document I. Zimbabwe
View the document K. Conclusions
close this folder II. Improved charcoal production
View the document A. Introduction
View the document B. The Malawi Charcoal Project
View the document C. Charcoal markets
View the document D. Constraints
View the document E. Policy environment and role of the Government
View the document F. Role of entrepreneurs and informal-sector artisans
View the document G. Local research initiatives and indigenous technical skills
View the document H. Role of non-governmental organizations
View the document I. Role of end-users
View the document J. External financial support and local credit and banking institutions
close this folder III. Fuel-efficient cookstoves
View the document A. The KCJ Project
View the document B. Traditional cookstoves
View the document C. Development of the KCJ - the institutions
View the document D. Constraints
View the document E. Policy environment and role of the Government
View the document F. Role of private entrepreneurs and informal-sector artisans
View the document G. Local research initiatives and indigenous technical skills
View the document H. Role of non-governmental organizations
View the document I. Role of the end-users
View the document J. External financial support and local credit and banking institutions
View the document K. Conclusions
close this folder IV. Conversion of biomass into ethanol
View the document A. Introduction
View the document B. Brazil
View the document C. Zimbabwe
View the document D. Malawi
View the document E. Kenya
View the document F. Thailand
close this folder V. Biogas
View the document A. Introduction
View the document B. India
View the document C. China
close this folder VI. Conversion of biomass into electricity
View the document A. Gasification
View the document B. Pura village, India
View the document C. Hosahalli village, India
View the document D. Mauritius
View the document E. The Philippines
View the document F. The South Pacific
View the document G. Indonesia
View the document H. Mali
View the document I. Brazil - potential
close this folder VII. Perceived problems, solutions and policy options
View the document A. Environmental impacts
View the document B. Food or fuel?
View the document C. Land availability
View the document D. Raw-material supply
View the document E. R&D and technology transfer
View the document F. Social factors
View the document G. Economics
View the document H. Policy
View the document I. Institutions
View the document VIII. Conclusion
View the document References

H. Mali

Chinese-built rice-husk gasifies power plants (160 kWh) were installed in the early 1970s, according to Mahin (1989), at two rice mills at Dogofiri and N'Debougou. These have operated successfully since then with more than 55,000 hours operating experience, although economic analyses of these plants are not easily available. In 1986, with the assistance of GTZ (German Agency for Technical Cooperation), an additional Chinese-built gasifier was installed nearby at the rice mill in Molodo which processes about 20,000 t/yr of rice. The plant produces about 1 kWh for each 2.5 kg of rice husks used in the gasifier. It generates up to 160 kW of power. The total annual operating costs were DM146,877 (or DM0.261kWh) which is 54 per cent of that of a diesel- engine plant. The GTZ study (Mahin, 1989) indicates the difference in capital cost between the diesel and the gasifies plant. Investment costs of the gasifier power plant could be recovered in less than four years. Table 16 provides a summary of cost of the rice husk-fulled gasifier power plant at Molodo.


Table 15. Gasification of rice husks, Indonesia


Table 15. (continued)


Table 15. (continued)