Cover Image
close this book Climate responsive building
View the document 1. Foreword
close this folder 2. Fundamentals
View the document 2.1 Climate zones
View the document 2.2 Climatic factors.
View the document 2.3 Human requirements regarding indoor climate
View the document 2.4 Physics
close this folder 3. Design rules
View the document 3.0 Design methodology
View the document 3.1 General guidelines
View the document 3.2 Design for hot-arid zones
View the document 3.3 Design for warm-humid zones
View the document 3.4 Design for temperate and upland zones
close this folder 4. Case studies
View the document 4.0 Preliminary remarks
View the document 4.1 Experiment in Ghardaia, Algeria
View the document 4.2 Simulation in Ghardaia, Algeria
View the document 4.3 Buildings in Shanti Nagar, Orissa, India
View the document 4.4 Experiments in Cairo, Egypt
View the document 4.5 Buildings in the Dominican Republic
View the document 4.6 Buildings in Kathmandu, Nepal
View the document 4.7 Buildings in New Delhi, India
View the document 4.8 Movable louvres for a school in Kathmandu, Nepal
View the document 4.9 Mountain hut in Langtang National Park, Nepal
close this folder 5. Appendices
View the document 5.1 Physical data
View the document 5.2 Literature
View the document 5.3 Solar ecliptic charts
View the document 5.4 Conversion factors to SI units
View the document 5.5 List of possible plant species

Climate responsive building


Appropriate Building Construction in Tropical and Subtropical Regions

SKAT 1993

Paul Gut

Dieter Ackerknecht

First edition: 1993 by SKAT, Swiss Centre for Development Cooperation in Technology and Management

Authors: Paul Gut, Fislisbach, Switzerland

Dieter Ackerknecht, Zollikon, Switzerland

Published by: SKAT, Swiss Centre for Development Cooperation in Technology and Management

Illustrations: Mirjam Zimmermann, Zürich, Switzerland

Layout:Paul Gut , Werner Fuchs, SKAT

Copyright: SKAT

Comments: Please send any comments concerning this publication to:


Vadianstrasse 42

CH-9000 St. Gallen, Switzerland

Printed by:

Niedermann AG, St. Gallen, Switzerland

ISBN: 3-908001-39-0


This book describes alternative techniques for designing buildings to specific climates in tropical and subtropical regions. Emphasis is given to "soft measures" and natural means that will reduce energy consumption, well considered construction and appropriate selection of materials.

It gives the theoretical background which is necessary to understand the climate factors, the principles of thermal processes and climatic design.

Based on practical experience the author describes the many practical applications and design approaches used in different climatic zones to improve indoor conditions without excessive use of energy. The use and control of solar radiation, existing wind and natural ventilation as well as the correct use of building materials based on their thermal properties are discussed as central issues, covering multiple applications from town planning, site selection and orientation up to detail design.

Several case studies analyze the thermal performance of various materials and structures and indicate their possibilities and limits to show the reader the magnitude of the effects of construction alternatives on climatic performance.

The appendices include: data on building materials, solar ecliptic diagrams and conversion tables.

ISBN 3-908001-39-0