| Seedling - July 1994, Vol. 11, N° 2 |
As pan of the growing world awareness about the importance of animal genetic resources for human food and livelihood security, FAO, with the support of UNEP, has established the first stage of a global databank. World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity includes information on seven species—donkey, buffalo, came. goat. horse, pig and sheep—and 2,719 breeds from all continents. Information for each breed includes local names, population sizes and trends, and uses. Over 25% of the breeds described are considered at risk, either critically or endangered. The book describes the on-going process to eventually expand the database to 4,()110 breeds, and includes a questionnaire and an invitation to participate in the process.
Ronan Loftus and Beate Scherf (ed.), World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity, FAO, Rome, 1993, 374 pp., ISBN 925-103397-8. Available from: Distribution and Sales Division, FAO, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, I-00100 Rome, Italy, or local FAO distributors.
Intellectual Property Rights for Indigenous Peoples: A Source Book, is a useful contribution to the debate on how to recognise, respect and ensure equitable treatment of the rights of peoples and communities to their knowledge, culture and biogenetic resources. Working up from a presentation of concrete experiences in asserting rights for the indigenous, the Source Book delves into a discussion of legal, political and practical issues, such as the value of human rights law to enforce indigenous IPRs. The main issues—whatever position you take on them—are in here.
Tom Greaves (ed.), Intellectual Property Rights for indigenous Peoples: A Source Book, Society for Applied Anthropology, Oklahoma City, 1994, 270 pp. Available from: The Society for Applied Anthropology, PO Box 24083, Oklahoma City, OK 73124-0083, USA, at US$10.25 per copy plus shipping
"Navdanya" (which means nine seeds) is a team of Indian scientists working closely with farmers and local communities to regain and foster peoples' control over biodiversity. Cultivating Diversity is their first "work-in-progress" report. As the team puts it, the very idea of "cultivating diversity" implies a shift from monocultures and unidimensionality to diversity and multiplicity. The project report includes hard data on traditional crop and tree varieties, on-farm conservation strategies and yields on multi-cropping systems, plus well argued critiques of contemporary high-external-input agriculture. A good document for those interested in on-farm genetic diversity conservation projects.
Navdanya, Cultivating Diversity, Research Foundation for Science, Technology and Natural Resource Policy, New Delhi, 1993, 130 pp. For orders contact: A-60 Hauz Khas, New Delhi-11016, India.
Cultivos Marginados: otra perspectiva del 1492 is an impressive work on the less known but important food crops that were marginalised as a result of the European colonisation of the Americas. A joint production between FAO and the Spanish Jardin Botanico de Cordova, the book deals with cereals, legumes, fruits and vegetables in Mesoamerica, the Andes. the Amazonian region and the Caribbean. Each entry thoroughly covers taxonomic. agronomic. genetic. historic, research. nutritional and medicinal aspects Also deals with the other side of colonialism's genetic impact: the marginalisation of important food crops in Spain.
J.E. Hernandez Bermejo y J. Leon (ed.), Cultivos Marginados: otra perspectiva del 1492, FAO, Rome, 1992, ISBN 92-53032171). Available from: Distribution and Sales Division, FAO, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, I-00100 Rome, Italy, or local FAO distributors.
The proceedings of a Nordic seminar co-organised by GRAIN and the Swedish Society for Nature Conservation in September 1993 have just been published. Growing Diversity in Farmers 'Fields is a compilation of the papers presented at this seminar. Focusing on South east Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, the papers provide indepth reviews of on-farm conservation and breeding activities at the regional and national levels Of special interest, this volume contains what is probably the most extensive and up to date presentation of the MASIPAG fanner-scientist breeding programme in the Philippines
Peter Einarsson (ed), Growing Diversity in Farmers' Fields, Proceedings of a Regional Seminar for Nordic Development Cooperation Agencies (LidingÃ¶, Sweden, 26-28 September 1993), NSF, 1994, 97 pp., ISBN 91-558-55814. A limited number of free copies are available from: Mr. Mats Djurberg, Natursky ddsfÃ¶reningen, PO Box 4625, S-116 91 Stockholm, Sweden, Fax: (46-8) 702.08.55.
African Biodiversity: Foundation for the Future is a report coming from the Biodiversity Support Programme, a USAID-funded consortium of the World Wildlife Fund, The Nature Conservancy and the World Resources Institute, all of the USA. The report drawn up with input from a mainly African advisory team, attempts to lay out "strategic framework" for integrating biodiversity conservation and sustainable development in Africa. Aside from some data and specific examples, it is a rather general report.
Biodiversity Support Programme, African Biodiversity: Foundation for the Future, BSP, Washington, 1993, 149 pp. Available from: Biodiversity Support Programme, c/o World Wildlife Fund, 1250 24th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA.
Patent Pending is a video film on the Indian farmers' struggle to protect their rights over knowledge and use of their traditional plant varieties. Drawing from the work of Vandana Shiva, the film highlights the non-violent Gandhi-inspired Seed Satyragraha movement against the monopolisation of seeds by transnationals and the patenting of the neem tree.
Patent Pending, by Meera Dewan, 30 minutes, available in BETA or VHS PAL video format, from South View Productions, 73 Poorvi Marg, Vasant Vihar, New Delhi 110057, India. Send cheque to - NAVDAYNA, US$25 for Third World countries, US$50 rest of the world, including postage.
A comprehensive textbook-type book. Sustainable Agricultural Systems, is a collection of contributions from essentially US authors. Contents are divided into six main subject areas an overview, components of sustainable agriculture systems, importance of integration, sustainable agriculture systems in the tropics, policy aspects and ecological impacts. Good technical quality and generous on data.
Clive A. Edwards et al (ed.), Sustainable Agriculture Systems, St. Lucie Press, Florida, 1990, 696 pp., ISBN 0-935734-21-X. Available from: Gazelle Book Services, Ltd., Falcon House, Queen Square, Lancaster LA1 IRN, United Kingdom. Priced at £49.95.