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In pursuit of science and technology in Sub-Saharan Africa: The impact of structural adjustment programmes

J. L. Enos

UNU/INTECH Studies in New Technology and Development

© 1995 UNU/INTECH

In pursuit of science and technology in Sub-Saharan Africa

This volume examines the progress of Sub-Saharan African countries in advancing science and technology in the context of the Structural Adjustment Programmes they have undertaken.

John Enos looks at the pursuit of science and technology both before and after structural adjustment programmes have been attempted in Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. He looks at the efficiency with which the research and development has been carried out, the transferability of scientific and technical resources from one activity to another and the directions in which advances are channelled. The institutions that receive resources are identified as well as the rates at which those resources are allocated. Finally, John Enos looks at who makes the decisions governing the resources devoted to furthering science and technology and with what objectives.

The findings in this important study will be of interest to students and academics in economic development and to professional economists and administrators directing economic development agencies, as well as to officials in economic planning and finance ministries in developing countries.

J. L. Enos is a Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford.

UNU/INTECH Studies in New Technology and Development

Series editors: Charles Cooper and Swasti Mitter

The books in this series reflect the research initiatives at the United Nations University Institute for New Technologies (UNU/INTECH) based in Maastricht, the Netherlands. This institute is primarily a research centre within the UN system, and evaluates the social, political and economic environment in which new technologies are adopted and adapted in the developing world. The books in the series explore the role that technology policies can play in bridging the economic gap between nations, as well as between groups within nations. The authors and contributors are leading scholars in the field of technology and development; their work focuses on:

• the social and economic implications of new technologies;

• processes of diffusion of such technologies to the developing world;

• the impact of such technologies on income, employment and environment;

• the political dynamics of technology transfer.

The series is a pioneering attempt at placing technology policies at the heart of national and international strategies for development. This is likely to prove crucial in the globalized market, for the competitiveness and sustainable growth of poorer nations.

1 Women Encounter Technology

Perspectives of the Third World

Edited by Swasti Mitter and Sheila Rowbotham

2 In Pursuit of Science and Technology in Sub-Saharan Africa

The impact of Structural Adjustment Programmes

J.L. Enos

3 Politics of Technology in Latin America

Edited by Maria Inês Bastos and Charles M. Cooper

4 Exporting Africa

Technology, Trade and Industrialization in Sub-Saharan Africa

Edited by Samuel M. Wangwe

In pursuit of science and technology in Sub-Saharan Africa

The impact of structural adjustment programmes

J. L. Enos

ROUTLEDGE

London and New York

The United Nations University

INTEC

Institute for New Technologies

Published in association with the UNU Press

First published 1995

by Routledge

11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE

Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada

by Routledge

29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001

© 1995 UNU/INTECH

Typeset in Times by LaserScript, Mitcham, Surrey

Printed and bound in Great Britain by

Mackays of Chatham PLC, Chatham, Kent

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilized in any form or by any electronic, mechanical or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers.

British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data

A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

Library of Congress Cataloguing in Publication Data

Enos, John L. (John Lawrence), 1924 -

In pursuit of science and technology in sub-Saharan Africa: the impact of structural adjustment programmes/ J.L. Enos.

p. cm. - (UNU/INTECH studies in new technologies and development)

Includes bibliographical references and index.

1. Structural adjustment (Economic policy) - Africa, Sub-Saharan - Case studies. 2. Technology and state - Africa, Sub-Saharan - Case studies. 3. Science and state - Africa, Sub-Saharan - Case studies. I. Title. II. Series.

HC800.E56 1995

338.967- dc20

95-58

CIP

ISBN 0-415-12689-4

ISSN 1359-7922