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Taxonomy of teaching/learning techniques

This list can give you some ideas about the many ways classroom learning can be organized to create variety and encourage learner involvement. But we do not expect you to use all of these! We merely attempt to give you as many alternatives as possible as you write your lesson plans.

Some of these techniques are freer than others, but all of them can be used in a competency-based curriculum. Simply match the language skill you are preparing to teach with an activity from one of these categories, according to your sense of the most effective, natural way to introduce that skill. When a technique involves several modes, we list it under the one that predominates in the technique.