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close this book Local Experience With Micro-Hydro Technology
close this folder G. ASPECTS OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND DISSEMINATION
View the document 1. POLICIES AND INSTITUTIONS
View the document 2. FINANCE

G. ASPECTS OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND DISSEMINATION

Technology for the development of small hydropower is available for transfer from an increasing number of sources* covering different approaches, and based on different scales of magnitude. For effective implementation, a number of measures are required from the user's end (country, region), which were so far very often lacking. That this is so, is corroborated by the fact that relevant technology has been around for a long time, but even where finances were assured, this has not led to the application of the technology on a wide scale. Small hydropower development has so far mostly been done on an ad-hoc basis, without definite objectives on a nationwide scale. Concluding from analyses of the present situation in a number of regions, some of the ingredients lacking apparently are:

-Clear policies pertaining to water rights, licencing procedures, rural electrification and small hydropower in particular, and also the use of energy for productive applications.

-A practical institutional framework geared to the requirements of small hydropower development in all its aspects.

-Knowledge of the general and specific magnitude of available resources on one hand and energy demand on the other, resulting from above.

-Trained manpower, budget allocations and formulation of specific requirements in overall development plans. All as a result of proceeding points.