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close this book Forestry training manual Inter-America Region
View the document Information collection & exchange
View the document Acknowledgements
View the document Trainer guidelines
Open this folder and view contents Training program overview
View the document Forestry observation guide for site visit
Open this folder and view contents Getting ready
View the document Conducting the training program
View the document Weekly evaluation form
View the document Session I day one
View the document Daily schedule for technical training
View the document Session II special projects
View the document Session III The forest of the world, peace corps forestry goals, the individual volunteers' roles
View the document Session IV Language class
View the document Session V Exercise I: Record keeping
View the document Session VI Exercise II
View the document Session VII Flowers, seeds, the beginning
View the document Session VIII Spanish language class
View the document Session IX Non-verbal communication
View the document Session X Basic site selection, planning and layout of a nursery
View the document Session XI Spanish language class
View the document Session XII Cultural values
View the document Session XIII Soil preparation, seed bed sowing, and reproduction by clippings
View the document Session XIV Spanish language
View the document Session XV Communication through illustration
View the document Session XVI Fertilizers, watering and containers
View the document Session XVII Spanish language
View the document Session XVIII Protection and record keeping
View the document Session XIX Individual interviews
View the document Session XX Planting trees
View the document Session XXI Spanish language session
View the document Session XXII Introduction to extension
View the document Session XXIII The principals of pruning and thinning
View the document Session XXIV Spanish language
View the document Session XXV Volunteer's role as an extensionist
View the document Session XXVI Pacing, plane table, rustic transit and compass
View the document Session XXVIII Spanish language
View the document Session XVIII Forestry extension
View the document Session XXIX Forest menstruation
View the document Session XXX Spanish language
Open this folder and view contents Session XXXI Working with groups as an extension worker
View the document Session XXXIII Spanish language
View the document Session XXXIV Lesson plan and use of visual aids in teaching
View the document Session XXV Small research projects
View the document Session XXXVI Individual interviews
View the document Session XXXVII Soils
View the document Session XXXVIII Spanish language
View the document Session XXXIX Community analysis introduction
View the document Session XL Soil erosion
View the document Session XLI Spanish language
View the document Session XLIII Watershed management
View the document Session XLIV Spanish language
View the document Session XLV Review of expectations - mid way
View the document Session XLVI Spanish language
View the document Session XLVII Species report
Open this folder and view contents Session XLVIII Forestry issues
View the document Session XLIX Spanish language
View the document Session L Field trip overview
View the document Session LI Ecology teams give presentations
View the document Session LII Individual interviews
View the document Session LIII Review of field trips
View the document Session LIV Project planning: goal setting
View the document Session LV Spanish language
View the document Session LVI Resources
View the document Session LVII Compost heap - insect collection - light gaps
View the document Session LVIII Spanish language
View the document Session LIX Cultural shock - are we ready for it?
View the document Session LX Grafting and fruit trees
View the document Session LXI Spanish language
View the document Session LXII Professional approaches to interaction with host country officials
View the document Session LXIII Final interviews
View the document Session LXIV Graduation

Session III The forest of the world, peace corps forestry goals, the individual volunteers' roles

Total Time:1 1/ 2 hours.

Goals

- To provide a global view of forestry today and in the future.

- To provide information on Peace Corps forestry goals.

- To taring the individual volunteer's role into perspective.

- To have participants brainstorm key problems and possible solutions concerning forestry, reforestation, aforestation in and around their sites.

Overview

This session is no taring into focus the global view of the world's disappearing forest. Discussion then moves to Peace. Corps goals in forestry and finally brings into perspective the role of the individual volunteer. It also allows trainees to search for possible problems and propose solutions based on their observations at their future sites.

Exercises

1. Participants brainstorming of problems and solutions.

2. Lecture on global views, Peace Corps goals, individual perspective .

Materials:

Flip charts, marker pens, tape.

Exercise I: Problems and solutions in forestry at the volunteer trainees's work sites

Total Time: 1 hour.

Overview

The purpose of this exercise is to have participants brainstorm and record problems and solutions in forestry at their work sites.

Procedures:

Time

Activities

 

1. Trainer asks for groups to form based on geographical site locations; i.e., those with similar climate, species, etc. Trainer then asks groups to spend a minute brainstorming problem that they observed while on their site visits and list them on newsprint. Next after problems have been listed, list possible solutions.

45 minutes

2. Small geographical groups present their lists of problems and solutions to large groups.

 

3. Trainer then summarizes the activity and points out similarities and differences.

Trainer's Note: These lists should also be saved as they will he used again as a part of a later exercise. It is best to keep then posted if possible.

Exercise II Overview of Forestry from a Global Perspective, the Peace Corps Coals, and the Individual Volunteers Role

Total Time: 1 hour, 10 minutes

Overview

The purpose of this exercise is to give information on the world problems in forestry. To state the Peace Corps goals and to give hope to the individual volunteer that they can play a part in changing the grim prediction for the world's forests.

Procedures

Time

Activities

 

1. Trainer, or if possible visiting authority on forestry, gives lecture on global picture. Lecture outline follows.

GLOBAL DEFORESTATION

I. Causes of Deforestation

A. Clearing for Agriculture

(1) Shifting agriculture

(2) Colonization

(3) Unemployment

(4) Land tenure

(5) Cattle raising

B. Firewood Gathering

(1) 4/5 of volume removed from tropical forests is for firewood.

(2) Charcoal Production

C. Logging

(1) Clearcutting

(2) Damage to standing timber left 55% of stand

(3) Little reforestation

II. Success of reforestation will include:

A. Technical proficiency

B. Personal fulfillment

C. Agency accomplishment

D. Community involvement

III. Selection of areas of action out of awareness of total picture.

A. Results of Deforestation

(1) Erosion

(2) Loss of rav material

(3) Situation - River; darn

(4) Soil infertility

(5) Economic loss

(6) Extinction of flora and fauna

(7) Lack and/or reduction of water

(8) Lack of toilet paper

 

2. Trainer or if possible Program Manager from Peace Corps gives lecture on Peace Corps goals for forestry.

Lecture outline

20 minutes

A. Ideal: Educate people to:

1 ) Conservation

2) Rational utilization of resources

B. Practical: Plant as many trees as possible.

C. What to do:

1. Agency Problems

a. Political

b. Emphasis on technical

c. Lack of interest

d. Efforts do not address problems

e. Lack of resources

f. Laws

g. No cooperation with other agencies; no cooperation among field of specialization

2. Campesino/community Problems

a. Have other problems to solve

b. Getting people together is difficult

c. Level of education is usually low

d. Cultural habits difficult to work with

20 minutes

3. Trainer gives the lecture on what the individual can do. Outline follows.

D. The Answer?

1. Forestry Measures

a. Agroforestry systems

b. Village woodlots

c. Intensive plantations

d. Better management Reserves

e. Regulating logging practices

f. Application of known technology

g. Research

2. Enabling Actions

a. National development patterns

b. Alternatives -food supply

c. Increase crop yields

d. Land tenure

e. Effective attention energy

f. Conservation of forest products

g. Better stoves - recycling

h. Reduce waste

i. Population

Trainer's Note: In the back of this section are sample lectures. You will want to put these views in your own words. However, depending on resource people available at the time of training you may not need to worry about lecture preparation.

15 minutes

4. Trainers and/or speakers ask for questions from participants. Trainer summarizes - pointing out that volunteers are a part of a large picture and have a valuable job to do and that we are going to spend the next 5 weeks getting ready to do that job.

15 minutes

5. At this time the director of conference/training center may want

to say a few words of welcome and give tour of training facilities.