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close this book Forestry training manual Inter-America Region
View the document Information collection & exchange
View the document Acknowledgements
View the document Trainer guidelines
Open this folder and view contents Training program overview
View the document Forestry observation guide for site visit
Open this folder and view contents Getting ready
View the document Conducting the training program
View the document Weekly evaluation form
View the document Session I day one
View the document Daily schedule for technical training
View the document Session II special projects
View the document Session III The forest of the world, peace corps forestry goals, the individual volunteers' roles
View the document Session IV Language class
View the document Session V Exercise I: Record keeping
View the document Session VI Exercise II
View the document Session VII Flowers, seeds, the beginning
View the document Session VIII Spanish language class
View the document Session IX Non-verbal communication
View the document Session X Basic site selection, planning and layout of a nursery
View the document Session XI Spanish language class
View the document Session XII Cultural values
View the document Session XIII Soil preparation, seed bed sowing, and reproduction by clippings
View the document Session XIV Spanish language
View the document Session XV Communication through illustration
View the document Session XVI Fertilizers, watering and containers
View the document Session XVII Spanish language
View the document Session XVIII Protection and record keeping
View the document Session XIX Individual interviews
View the document Session XX Planting trees
View the document Session XXI Spanish language session
View the document Session XXII Introduction to extension
View the document Session XXIII The principals of pruning and thinning
View the document Session XXIV Spanish language
View the document Session XXV Volunteer's role as an extensionist
View the document Session XXVI Pacing, plane table, rustic transit and compass
View the document Session XXVIII Spanish language
View the document Session XVIII Forestry extension
View the document Session XXIX Forest menstruation
View the document Session XXX Spanish language
Open this folder and view contents Session XXXI Working with groups as an extension worker
View the document Session XXXIII Spanish language
View the document Session XXXIV Lesson plan and use of visual aids in teaching
View the document Session XXV Small research projects
View the document Session XXXVI Individual interviews
View the document Session XXXVII Soils
View the document Session XXXVIII Spanish language
View the document Session XXXIX Community analysis introduction
View the document Session XL Soil erosion
View the document Session XLI Spanish language
View the document Session XLIII Watershed management
View the document Session XLIV Spanish language
View the document Session XLV Review of expectations - mid way
View the document Session XLVI Spanish language
View the document Session XLVII Species report
Open this folder and view contents Session XLVIII Forestry issues
View the document Session XLIX Spanish language
View the document Session L Field trip overview
View the document Session LI Ecology teams give presentations
View the document Session LII Individual interviews
View the document Session LIII Review of field trips
View the document Session LIV Project planning: goal setting
View the document Session LV Spanish language
View the document Session LVI Resources
View the document Session LVII Compost heap - insect collection - light gaps
View the document Session LVIII Spanish language
View the document Session LIX Cultural shock - are we ready for it?
View the document Session LX Grafting and fruit trees
View the document Session LXI Spanish language
View the document Session LXII Professional approaches to interaction with host country officials
View the document Session LXIII Final interviews
View the document Session LXIV Graduation

Session IX Non-verbal communication

Total Time:

Goals:

- To identify ways we communicate verbally and non-verbally.

- To identify patterns of non-verbal communication.

- To look at perceptions one has about one's non-verbal message

- To identify some implications of non-verbal communication for cross cultural effectiveness.

- To develop non-verbal communication skills.

Overview

This session explores communication as a process. Trainees will have received some nonverbal communications training previously. This session will reinforce those [earnings and concentrate on building non-verbal skills.

Exercise:

1. "Messages" and lecture

2. Reflections on non-verbal communications and observations of another.

Exercise I Messages

Total Time: 45 minutes

Overview

We communicate our likes and dislikes; actually we communicate more non-verbally about relationships than we do in any other way. In this exercise we are going to communicate nonverbally only.

Procedures

Time

Activities

5 minutes

1. Trainer announces that "we are going to try a game; the meaning of which we will discover later, trust me." The game is structured rather like charades except that one may not use charade-like signals (such as spelling with the fingers or using work conventions. Even if you have played this game before, it is fun to see if you are becoming skillful at it.

 

2. In pairs, give each person a message on a piece of paper (see list below); then tell the group that they have three minutes to try to get the message across without using words. They cannot write, spell or talk. Trainer keeps track of time. After first three minutes, switch so that the other person can try it out also. A sample list of messages follows (you may add your own but the message should include either an emotion or communicate something about a relationship, as well as to try to give a message about a thing).

 

Messages (have them written out on slips of (paper):

   

a. "I'm angry because the goats ate my seedlings."

   

b. "I'm happy because your crew arrived to work today."

   

c. "I'm frustrated because you never listen to me."

   

d." You can't understand me, and this frightens me."

   

e. "I'm surprised at your youthful appearance. "

   

f. "I like you and want to be your friend."

   

g. "I'm weak (and submissive) and you are strong (and dominant)."

   

h. "I don't like not being able to talk."

 

3. After the non-verbal experience, gather group reactions:
- What was that like for you? O What was easy about it (i.e., what part of the message could you get)? O What was difficult (i.e., what part of the message couldn't you get)?

 

4. Build a lecture out of group experience:
- How many of you know about non-verbal communication?
- What is it? Give some examples. 30 minutes o What does non-verbal communication communicate?
- How aware are you of your own non-verbal message?

 

As trainees answer these questions, write down the answers on a flip chart and examine them with the group. At the end, the group and the trainer should arrive at a working definition of non-verbal communication which they can test out during the next week with each other.

Exercise III Reflections on Non-Verbal Communications and Observations of Another

Total Time: 45 minutes

Overview

The purpose of this exercise is to give individuals time to think about how they communicate non-verbally. They can then decide it there is perhaps some new or different non-verbal behavior they would like to try out during training.

Procedure

Time

Activities

 

Trainer lists on newsprint the following:

   

- Body bearing

   

- Appearance

   

- Tone of voice

   

- Use of space

   

- Content of language

   

- Gestures

   

- Ornaments

20 minutes

 

- Touching

   

- Facial expressions

   

- Smells

   

- Colors

   

- Signs

   

- Other

 

Asks participants to take a few minutes to write down how and what they think they communiate non-verbally in each one of these categories.

 

2. Ask participants to look over responses to the non-verbal categories. Determine minutes it there is some area of non-verbal communication they want to strengthen or perhaps change.

 

3. Ask participants to choose partners which will he for the purpose of "observing each other" for a one week period in order to learn more about non-verbal communication and the way we are perceived by another. The task is co "watch each other" during the week whenever possible and notice how the other person uses non-verbal communication. At this point they may want to share with each other their responses to the non-verbal categories to have partners check-out their perceptions of how and what they communicate non-verbally.

 

4. Trainer says that at the end of the week, the same pairs will meet to troth provide each other feedback on how they communicated non-verbally and to draw some generalizations from the experience about how people from our culture communicate non-verbally. Also, participants will he able to check their own non-verbal images with their partners.