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close this book Forestry training manual Inter-America Region
View the document Information collection & exchange
View the document Acknowledgements
View the document Trainer guidelines
Open this folder and view contents Training program overview
View the document Forestry observation guide for site visit
Open this folder and view contents Getting ready
View the document Conducting the training program
View the document Weekly evaluation form
View the document Session I day one
View the document Daily schedule for technical training
View the document Session II special projects
View the document Session III The forest of the world, peace corps forestry goals, the individual volunteers' roles
View the document Session IV Language class
View the document Session V Exercise I: Record keeping
View the document Session VI Exercise II
View the document Session VII Flowers, seeds, the beginning
View the document Session VIII Spanish language class
View the document Session IX Non-verbal communication
View the document Session X Basic site selection, planning and layout of a nursery
View the document Session XI Spanish language class
View the document Session XII Cultural values
View the document Session XIII Soil preparation, seed bed sowing, and reproduction by clippings
View the document Session XIV Spanish language
View the document Session XV Communication through illustration
View the document Session XVI Fertilizers, watering and containers
View the document Session XVII Spanish language
View the document Session XVIII Protection and record keeping
View the document Session XIX Individual interviews
View the document Session XX Planting trees
View the document Session XXI Spanish language session
View the document Session XXII Introduction to extension
View the document Session XXIII The principals of pruning and thinning
View the document Session XXIV Spanish language
View the document Session XXV Volunteer's role as an extensionist
View the document Session XXVI Pacing, plane table, rustic transit and compass
View the document Session XXVIII Spanish language
View the document Session XVIII Forestry extension
View the document Session XXIX Forest menstruation
View the document Session XXX Spanish language
Open this folder and view contents Session XXXI Working with groups as an extension worker
View the document Session XXXIII Spanish language
View the document Session XXXIV Lesson plan and use of visual aids in teaching
View the document Session XXV Small research projects
View the document Session XXXVI Individual interviews
View the document Session XXXVII Soils
View the document Session XXXVIII Spanish language
View the document Session XXXIX Community analysis introduction
View the document Session XL Soil erosion
View the document Session XLI Spanish language
View the document Session XLIII Watershed management
View the document Session XLIV Spanish language
View the document Session XLV Review of expectations - mid way
View the document Session XLVI Spanish language
View the document Session XLVII Species report
Open this folder and view contents Session XLVIII Forestry issues
View the document Session XLIX Spanish language
View the document Session L Field trip overview
View the document Session LI Ecology teams give presentations
View the document Session LII Individual interviews
View the document Session LIII Review of field trips
View the document Session LIV Project planning: goal setting
View the document Session LV Spanish language
View the document Session LVI Resources
View the document Session LVII Compost heap - insect collection - light gaps
View the document Session LVIII Spanish language
View the document Session LIX Cultural shock - are we ready for it?
View the document Session LX Grafting and fruit trees
View the document Session LXI Spanish language
View the document Session LXII Professional approaches to interaction with host country officials
View the document Session LXIII Final interviews
View the document Session LXIV Graduation

Session X Basic site selection, planning and layout of a nursery

Total Time: 4 hours

Goals:

- To introduce nursery teams and explain how and why they were chosen.

- Explore knowledge within group about nursery site selection.

- Group experience in planning and layout of nursery.

- Explore group process in an unstructured situation.

Overview

In this session trainees will be asked to plan a nursery. They will be divided into teams which have been chosen by trainers and given the task without further instructions. It is during this session that the trainees' ingenuity and ability to organize is pushed.

Exercise:

1. Factors to be considered in nursery sites and summary lecture.

2. Location of site and planning of nursery.

Materials

- Flip charts, marker pens, tape.

Nursery Site Selection

(Seleccion del Sitio pare el Vivero)

Points to consider:

1. Moderate slope (pendiente moderado)

a. drainage (drenaje)

b. watering (reigo)

2. Good soil (buen suelo) A soil sample should be taken

3. Frost-free site (sitio sin peligro de escarchas)

4. Protected from winds (proteccion contra el viento)

5. No large trees near (sin arboles grandes muy cerca)

6. Near water (cerca de agua)

7. Good labor supply (disponiblidad de mano de obra)

8. Transportation close by (cerca de transportacion)

9. Permission of owner - written (permiso por escrito)

10. Caretaker (cuidador)

11. Fencing (cercos)

12. Not used recently as nursery (recentamente no usado como sitio para vivero)

13. Sufficient size for anticipated seedling demand - expansion (suficiente tomario pare producin las necesidades futures expansion)

14. No weeds (sin maleza)

Exercise I Factors to be Considered in Nursery Sites

Total Time 2 hours

Overview

Building on knowledge that the group has, the trainers will attempt to determine factors to he considered in planning a possible nursery site.

Procedures

Time

Activities

10 minutes

1. Nursery teams are introduced. Trainer explains that teams have been chosen, as a result of staff observations of how they have worked individually over the last three days. They are unchangeable and non-negotiable. Strengths have been taken into consideration as well as areas where people need strengthening. Lastly, role models that we as trainers felt others could benefit from through observation of their working styles. If anyone is curious as to why they are in groups they are in, they can ask privately and will he given information.

45 minutes

2. Trainer instructs nursery teams to get together and list on newsprint those factors that they feel are important in the choosing of a site for establishing a forest nursery.

30 minutes

3. Group now makes presentation to large group and each presentation is questioned and discussed by forester/trainer and other group members.

15 minutes

4. Forester/trainer now presents summary lecture: he/she then puts the following on newsprint.

 

5. Forester/trainer explains that you will not always, if ever, find everything in one site. He then moves to next newsprint as follows.

15 minutes

6. Forester/trainer now moves into planning the layout of a nursery.

 

Layout of nursery

 

Contiguous group of seed beds to facilitate ease of working and irrigating.

 

a. Built-up 15 - 20 cm,

 

b. 1-1.3 meters wide. walkways: 40-80 cm - ease of access.

Nursery Site Trade-Offs

1. What is really important?

2. With what can you live?

Peace Corps Nursery (Conocoto, Ecuador)


FIGURE


LAYOUT OF NURSERY (TRAZADO DEL VIVERO)

Exercise II

Location of Nursery Site and Panning

Total Time: 2 hours

Overview

In this exercise, leadership ability to organize and ingenuity of group members is highlighted. Trainees are given rough idea of possible site location. Trainers leave area and are not available to group as they decide on site and draw up plan.

Trainers return and review site plan and help group look at their own process.

Procedures

Time

Activities

1 1/2 hours

1. Trainer identifies area near training, center, shows sketch map area, tells trainees that they are to plan a vivero in that area somewhere. Instructions written are:
Each row will he 4 meters long, each vivero group will the responsible for one row. Now plan the layout; when trainees have the vivero area planned, bring it to trainer and have it checked. All trainers now leave without answering any further questions.

30 minutes

2. Trainers return to center and ask to be told about the group process. Some possible questions are:

   

1. Who took change of the overall project? How did they do it?

   

2. What problems did they have or are still having?

   

3. Is everyone satisfied with the plan?

   

4. How did the vivero groups communicate and interact with each other?

   

5. How were decisions made?

 

3. Trainer summarizes the morning activities.