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close this book Forestry training manual Inter-America Region
View the document Information collection & exchange
View the document Acknowledgements
View the document Trainer guidelines
Open this folder and view contents Training program overview
View the document Forestry observation guide for site visit
Open this folder and view contents Getting ready
View the document Conducting the training program
View the document Weekly evaluation form
View the document Session I day one
View the document Daily schedule for technical training
View the document Session II special projects
View the document Session III The forest of the world, peace corps forestry goals, the individual volunteers' roles
View the document Session IV Language class
View the document Session V Exercise I: Record keeping
View the document Session VI Exercise II
View the document Session VII Flowers, seeds, the beginning
View the document Session VIII Spanish language class
View the document Session IX Non-verbal communication
View the document Session X Basic site selection, planning and layout of a nursery
View the document Session XI Spanish language class
View the document Session XII Cultural values
View the document Session XIII Soil preparation, seed bed sowing, and reproduction by clippings
View the document Session XIV Spanish language
View the document Session XV Communication through illustration
View the document Session XVI Fertilizers, watering and containers
View the document Session XVII Spanish language
View the document Session XVIII Protection and record keeping
View the document Session XIX Individual interviews
View the document Session XX Planting trees
View the document Session XXI Spanish language session
View the document Session XXII Introduction to extension
View the document Session XXIII The principals of pruning and thinning
View the document Session XXIV Spanish language
View the document Session XXV Volunteer's role as an extensionist
View the document Session XXVI Pacing, plane table, rustic transit and compass
View the document Session XXVIII Spanish language
View the document Session XVIII Forestry extension
View the document Session XXIX Forest menstruation
View the document Session XXX Spanish language
Open this folder and view contents Session XXXI Working with groups as an extension worker
View the document Session XXXIII Spanish language
View the document Session XXXIV Lesson plan and use of visual aids in teaching
View the document Session XXV Small research projects
View the document Session XXXVI Individual interviews
View the document Session XXXVII Soils
View the document Session XXXVIII Spanish language
View the document Session XXXIX Community analysis introduction
View the document Session XL Soil erosion
View the document Session XLI Spanish language
View the document Session XLIII Watershed management
View the document Session XLIV Spanish language
View the document Session XLV Review of expectations - mid way
View the document Session XLVI Spanish language
View the document Session XLVII Species report
Open this folder and view contents Session XLVIII Forestry issues
View the document Session XLIX Spanish language
View the document Session L Field trip overview
View the document Session LI Ecology teams give presentations
View the document Session LII Individual interviews
View the document Session LIII Review of field trips
View the document Session LIV Project planning: goal setting
View the document Session LV Spanish language
View the document Session LVI Resources
View the document Session LVII Compost heap - insect collection - light gaps
View the document Session LVIII Spanish language
View the document Session LIX Cultural shock - are we ready for it?
View the document Session LX Grafting and fruit trees
View the document Session LXI Spanish language
View the document Session LXII Professional approaches to interaction with host country officials
View the document Session LXIII Final interviews
View the document Session LXIV Graduation

Session XVIII Protection and record keeping

Total Time:

Goals:

- To give information about the protection of vivero from animals, disease, weeds and insects.

- To go over record keeping practices once again.

- To have trainees decide on standard record keeping format.

- To summarize week long activity of establishing a vivero.

Overview

This session completes the technical training in establishing a forest nursery. Trainees will have the satisfaction of having planned, laid out, prepared soil and finally sowed the seeds in their own nursery. Also record keeping is gone over and trainees decide on a standard format for keeping nursery records. Protection of a nursery is discussed in depth.

Exercises:

1. Lecture on protection and summary of week's vivero activity.

2. Record keeping practices - decision making.

Exercise I:

Protection of Vivero and Summary of Week's Activities

Overview:

This is the final exercise focusing on establishing a nursery. Trainer will give lecture on protection and summarize steps taken in the establishment of a nursery (there is additional time allotted in this session if nursery beds are not yet sown).

Procedures

Time

Activities

30 minutes

1. Technical trainer gives lecture on protection from outline posted on newsprint. Outline follows:

Protection

1. Small animals (animales pequenos)

a. mice/rats (rates y ratones)

- rat poison (veneno) cats (gatos)

b. rabbits (conejos) sling shots (hondas)

c. chickens (gallina, gallos)

2. Large animals (animates grandes)

a. goats/sheep, (chivos, ovejas, baorrego)

b. pigs (chanchos)

c. cows (vacas), horses (caballos), cattle (ganado)

d. dogs, etc. (perros, etc.)

3. Birds

a. sowed seed (la semilla sembrada)

b. new seedling (la planta nueva)

c. as control - insects (como control - insectos)

d. bird control (control de aves)

1. chemicals (quimicos)

2. screens (pantalla de tela metalica)

3. sling shots (honna)

4. tin cans (latas)

4. Disease - damping off

a. pre-ernergence

1. sterile soil

2. sun and sterile sand

3. keep pH moderately acid

4. boiling water

b. in roots upper part of roots infected, plants fall over, stems turn watery inside.

1. water schedule?

i. less often

ii. time of day

iii . chemicals

5. Weed control (control de maleza)

a. herbicides

b. other

1. boards (tables)

2. burlap (arpilera)

3. straw (paja)

c. weeding

1. weed early: late weeding is very costly

2. use in compost

6. Insects (insectas)

a. grub worm (eats roots)

b. cut worms

c. aphids

d. nematodes

e. spiders, mites, thrips

Exercise II

Record Keeping

Total Time: 1 hour 45 minutes

Overview

This exercise stresses the importance of record keeping; ask what data the trainees have and how they are going to record it. Finally, trainees will go through a decision-making process about standardizing a record-keeping method and preparing a form.

Procedures

Time

Activities

10 minutes

1. Technical trainer starts this session by saying "remember yesterday when I asked you who was keeping records for the vivero?" Trainer then makes remarks about the first exercise Oil record keeping and its importance. Trainer now has two choices; he can (1) congratulate the participant or participants that have taken responsiblity for keeping records or (2) make the point that participants must take responsibility for keeping records, realizing that all parts of training build one on the other.

10 minutes

2. Trainer now asks group what data they need to record for the vivero they have just established. Trainer records data titles on newsprint.

 

3. Trainer now says "I feel you are ready to decide on a standard format for recording nursery data. Please do so."

Trainer's Note: No directions are given about procedure or how to break into group(s). Trainers remain in room and observe trainees organizing the project.

15 minutes

4. Trainer comments on the organization process which he and other trainers have just observed. Ask for comments from trainees about their own feelings over the last hour.

10 minutes

5. Trainer now makes remarks about data recording form, additions and/or deletions.