| Measuring drought and drought impacts in Red Sea Province |
|1. Introduction to Red Sea Province|
Precipitation in Red Sea Province is light. The heaviest rain falls in the southern portions of the province. The Red Sea Hills, running in a north-south direction about 15 kilometres on average from the Red Sea Coast and extending about 150 kilometres inland, exert a positive influence on condensation and rainfall.
Rain falls in Red Sea Province as a result of two atmospheric mechanisms: the northward movement of the InterTropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) in the summer and the dominance of the Northeast Trade winds in winter. The map below illustrates the rainfall isohyets for Red Sea Province in millimetres.