| Measuring drought and drought impacts in Red Sea Province |
|6. The nutritional status of children in Red Sea Province, July-October 1989: a supplement to the November 1985-November 1987 results. Mary L. Cole and Roy Cole|
All conclusions refer to children 75.1-115 cm in height unless otherwise specified
1. There was no significant increase in the percentage of children less than or equal to 75 cm between 1987 and 1989.
2. There was no significant difference between the percentage of males and females in the sample in 1989. In 1986 and 1987 a significantly higher percentage of males than females were sampled
3. The percentage of malnourished children (less than 80% reference median weight for height) in Red Sea Province decreased significantly between 1987 and 1989.
4. At the province-wide level, the decrease in percentage of malnourished children was restricted to females. There was no significant decrease in the percentage of malnourished males in Red Sea Province between 1987 and 1989.
5. At the district level, changes in the percentage of malnourished children since 1987 can be summarised as follows:
No significant change:
Males and females, North Tokar
Males and females, South Tokar
Males, Derudeb Males, Haya
Females, Rural Port Sudan
Females, Sinkat Females, Halaib
Males, Rural Port Sudan
6. Diarrhoea and vomiting were reported frequently in malnourished children, although 40% of malnourished children had no concurrent illness that could be identified.
7. There was no significant change in the percentage of severely malnourished children between 1987 and 1989.
8. In 1989 there was a significantly higher percentage of severely malnourished males than severely malnourished females. This was a reversal of the situation in 1986.
9. All severely malnourished children examined had one or more concurrent illnesses, the most common of which was diarrhoea and vomiting.
10. As in 1986 and 1987, the highest rates of malnutrition were found in children under 75 cm tall. Although technical limitations reduce the validity of these results, the nutritional status of this group continues to be a cause for concern.