| Forestry training manual for the Africa region |
Total time 4 hours
- To introduce nursery teams and explain how and why they were chosen,
- To explore knowledge within the group about nursery site selection,
- To explore group experience in planning and layout of a nursery,
- To explore group process in an unstructured situation.
In this session, the trainees will be asked to plan a nursery. They will be divided into teams which have been chosen by the trainer's and given the task without further instructions. It is during this session that the trainees' ingenuity and ability to organize is pushed.
1. Factors to be Considered in Nursery Sites
2. Location of Site and Planning of Nursery
Flip charts, marker pens, tape.
Exercise 1 Factors to be Considered in Nursery Sites
Total time 2 hours
Building upon the groups' knowledge, the trainers will attempt to determine factors to be considered in planning a possible nursery site.
1. The nursery teams are introduced. The trainer explains that teams have been chosen as a result of staff observations of how they have worked individually over the last three days. They are unchangeable and non-negotiable. Strengths have been take. into consideration as well as weaknesses, Lastly, role models from which others could benefit through observation of their working styles were considered. If anyone is curious as to why they are in specific groups, they can ask privately and will be given the information.
2. The trainer instructs the nursery teams to get together and list on newsprint those factors that they feel are important in choosing a site for establishing a forest nursery.
3. The teams make presentations to the large group. Each presentation is questioned and discussed by the forester/trainer and other group members.
4. The forester/trainer presents a summary lecture. He/she then puts the following on newsprint:
Nursery Site Selection
Points to consider:
1. Moderate elope
2. Good soil (A soil sample should be taken)
3. Frost-free site
4. Protection from winds
5. No large trees nearby
6. Near water
7. Good labor supply
8. Close to transportation
9. Written permission of owner
12. Not used recently as nursery
13. Sufficient size for anticipated seedling demand - expansion
14. No weeds
5. The technical trainer explains that you will not always, if ever, find everything on site.
Nursery Site Trade-offs
1. What is really important?
2. What can you live with?
6. The forester/trainer explains planning the layout of a nursery.
- Layout of nursery
Contiguous group of seed beds to facilitate ease of working and irrigating.
- Seed beds
a. Built-up 15 - 20 centimeters,
b. 1 - 1.3 meters wide.
40 - 80 centimeters for ease of access.
7. The trainer instructs the trainees to draw up plans for Session 14.
Exercise 2 Location of Nursery Site and Planning
Total time 2 hours
Leadership ability to organize and the ingenuity of group members are highlighted. The trainees are given an approximate idea of possible site locations. The trainers leave the area and are not available to the group as they decide upon a site and draw up their plane. The trainers return and review the site plan and help the group examine their own process.
1. The trainer identifies an area near the training center, shows sketch map of area, and tells the trainees that they are to plan a nursery in that area. Written instructions are:
- Each row will be four meters long. Each nursery group will be responsible for one row.
- Plan the layout; when the trainees have the nursery area planned, bring it to the trainer to be evaluated. All the trainers leave without answering any further questions.
1 hour 30 minutes
2. The trainers return to the center and ask about the group's process. Some possible questions are:
A. Who took charge of the overall project? How did they do it?
B. What problems did they have or are still having?
C. Is everyone satisfied with the plan?
D. How did the nursery groups communicate and interact with each other?
E. How were decisions made?
3. The trainer summarizes the morning activities.
Trainer’s Note: A great deal of frustration and hard feelings on the part of the trainees are to be expected. They will expect more structure, resist making decisions, and be angry when they are not met with total approval for their plane. In fact, we have never been able to accept the first alto chosen by trainees.