| A training manual in conducting a workshop in the design, construction, operation, maintenance and repair of hydrams |
|Guidelines for users|
A. Training Objectives: By the end of the workshop, participants will be able to:
· survey and evaluate sites for potential hydram projects;
· articulate and apply hydram theory;
· use correctly basic water and distance measurement techniques and formulas for proper sizing of hydrams;
· select proper ram design and size;
· list tasks and resources necessary to develop a water source site for hydram operations, and
· design water distribution system including storage tank, stand pipe, supply lines, etc.;
· construct a pipefitting and/or concrete hydram;
· operate, maintain, troubleshoot and repair hydrams;
· identify issues in training local community members in the installation, operation and maintenance of hydrams;
· identify physical, social and institutional requirements for the successful application of this technology; and
· describe an action plan for using this technology in their real life situation.
B. Training Activities: The workshop design requires the involvement of each participant, individually, in small groups, and the large group. The activities are designed to provide maximum opportunities for participants to practice the skills they're acquiring and consider issues specific to their sites.
· problem-solving (individually, small group, large group)
· skill practice, guided construction (small group)
· group discussion (small and large group)
As the workshop evolves, participants are required to solve increasingly complex problems on paper and in skill practice. Throughout the workshop, participants are asked to identify key issues in hydram application and project development.
C. Manual Organization
The training sessions each include learning objectives, recommended time, suggested procedures, and the specific tools, materials and resources required. Notes to the trainer are in the right hand "margin" and space is provided there for additional notes.
All handouts appear twice in this manual. Once at the end of the session in which they are used and collectively as an appendix for easy duplication.
D. Preparation for Training
The following is a list of logistics and tasks that need to be completed during the planning process. Specific tasks that need to be completed before each session are listed within the session.
1. Become familiar with the training design, sessions and materials in the manual.
2. Gather information about the availability of skills, equipment and materials at or near the training location. The practical nature of this workshop requires the availability of basic carpentry, plumbing, and some metalworking tools, as well as parts and materials for the different ram constructions. A checklist is provided.
3. Based on the information gathered, and proposed applications, select the constructions that will be covered in depth.
Note: The concrete construction is easier to understand after participants have actually constructed a simple ram, i.e., pipefitting or clear PVC. The concrete construction must take place over at least 6 days in order to cure enough to operate.
4. Identify the training site. The ideal training site provides space for the full range of training activities within easy walking distance from each other:
· classroom space for small and large group work; chalkboard, newsprint, slide projector, table space;
· enough workshop space to accommodate all participants in construction activities; workbenches, tool storage, first aid station;
· field activities:
1) a stream/springs nearby where participants can practice Measuring water flow, distance, head;
2) an area where participants can take a number of measurements to determine an ideal location for a hydram. The site must offer a range of choices;
3) space where a demonstration ram can be installed easily, or proximity to an actual installation;
4) experimentation: space must be available for participants to operate and troubleshoot hydrams. These activities represent 2-3 days of the workshop. The space must provide sufficient stations for constructed rams - 1 station per 3-4 participants is recommended. The water source must supply a constant Q and variable H. An example experimental station is provided at the end of this section.
If these facilities are not near each other, then travel time must be included in the schedule and transportation arranged.
5. Determine number of trainers required. 1 trainer: 7 participants is an ideal ratio, but with a strong technical assistant trainer, a 1:10 ratio is manageable. The important thing is participant access to skilled resources during their practical work.
6. Announce the workshop and identify participants. Send each participant information on dates, logistics, a set of workshop objectives and the site information worksheet, included here in appendix of handouts. (1B, 2E)
7. With other trainers, develop norms for the training team, clarify roles and expectations, review status of steps 1-6 to date, develop a final schedule, make training and preparation assignments; decide when to do review exercises, and midpoint and final workshop evaluations.
8. Duplicate handouts.
9. Finalize materials list, based on number of participants and decision on types of construction. Order materials, and arrange for transport to training site.
10. Assemble handouts (pre-punch for ring binders if possible), chalkboard, chalk, newsprint, markers, tape, notebooks, ring binders, schedule.
11. Construct clear PVC ram if necessary for demonstration. The instructions are included here. Session 2 is readily understood with the assistance of this visual aid. If you determine that each participant should construct one, then schedule that early on in the workshop.
12. Certificates of completion add a nice touch, and should be designed and printed.