Cover Image
close this book Local Experience With Micro-Hydro Technology
View the document Preface and Acknowledgment
View the document Foreword to the 3rd edition
View the document Abstract
close this folder A. Introduction
View the document 1. THE NEED TO EXPAND DOMESTIC ENERGY PRODUCTION
View the document 2. TRADITIONAL ENERGY RESOURCES IN RURAL AREAS
View the document 3. NEW SOLUTIONS ARE NECESSARY
close this folder B. Development of hydropower resources
View the document 1. THE UNUSED HYDROPOWER POTENTIAL
View the document 2. DISTRIBUTION OF RESOURCE AVAILABILITY OVER TIME AND GEOGRAPHICAL AREA
View the document 3. CHARACTERISTICS OF HYDROPOWER RESOURCES
View the document 4. BIG OR SMALL HYDRO?
close this folder C. Small hydropower in the rural situation
View the document 1. PAST AND RECENT HISTORY
View the document 2. RURAL ELECTRIFICATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
close this folder D. A practicable approach
View the document 1. CONSTRAINTS AND PROBLEMS
View the document 2. TECHNOLOGY
close this folder E. PROJECT EXAMPLES
View the document 1. SALLERI-CHIALSA MICRO HYDEL PROJECT, NEPAL
View the document 2. BHORLETAR TURBINE IRRIGATION PROJECT, NEPAL
View the document 3. NAM DANG HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECT, THAILAND
close this folder F. ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS
View the document 1. BASIC APPROACH a) Cost-Benefit-Approach for Socio-Economic Selection
View the document 2. MICRO-HYDROPOWER AND LARGER HYDROPOWER PLANTS
View the document 3. MICRO-HYDRO PLANTS AND OTHER ALTERNATIVES
close this folder G. ASPECTS OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND DISSEMINATION
View the document 1. POLICIES AND INSTITUTIONS
View the document 2. FINANCE
close this folder ANNEXES
View the document ANNEXE I :ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF BIBLIOGRAPHY
View the document ANNEXE II GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS USED
View the document ANNEXE III ALPHABETICAL MANUFACTURER'S LIST (updated 1985)
View the document ANNEXE IV ALPHABETICAL LIST OF INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANISATIONS INVOLVED IN HYDRO DEVELOPMENT
View the document ANNEXE V STANDARD ENERGY CONVERSIONS

Preface and Acknowledgment

In the discussion of the energy situation in developing countries and specifically in the rural areas, it is widely recognised that small hydropower may play a significant role in development. What is less clear, is the question what hydropower can realistically achieve and also the question of which specific technologies are technically and economically feasible and socially acceptable.

The paper presented here is an attempt to give some specific answers, based on actual field experience. No claim is made that the technology and the approach discussed are valid in all situations. No doubt, different approaches are possible and different situations may require other technological solutions.

Transfer of know-how of the specific technologies shall be possible with further volumes in the form of design and construction manuals in the same series of publications.

Realising the importance of energy in rural development, the Swiss Directorate for Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid (DEH) has financed the work on this paper on the occasion of the UN-conference on New and Renewable Energies, Nairobi 1981. Actual development work in the field, on which most of the contents are based, has been initiated and sponsored by the Nepal Industrial Development Corporation (NIDC) in cooperation with the Swiss Association for Technical Assistance (SATA/HELVETAS) and less formally with the United Mission to Nepal (UMN). Work was carried out by the local engineering firms Balaju Yantra Shala (BYS) and Butwal Engineering Works (BEW), with the cooperation of many other organizations such as ADB/N, CEDT, ETHZ, EPFL, HTL Brugg-Windisch, SHDB and SKAT ( refer to annexe II for abbreviations used).

In addition, material was used from ATDO, ESCAP, NEA, NRECA, OLADE, UNIDO, the World Bank and many other sources, and the Bibliographisches Institut, Mannheim, gave specific permission to use material from one of their publications.

Grateful thanks are acknowledged to all institutions and individuals who helped directly or indirectly in providing support and information. Special thanks to Jean-Max Baumer who has written the chapter on economics and to Vreny Knöpfler who has done all the typing work.

St. Gall, June 1981

SKAT, Swiss Center for

Appropriate Technology

Ueli Meter St. Gallen 1985 St.Gall 1985

Author: Ueli Meier, SKAT,

0th the collaboration of Jean Max Baumer, ILE

Photographs: B. Antener, A. Arter, M. Eisenring, J. Litscher, U. Meier

First edition: SKAT, 1981, 750 copies

Second edition: SKAT, 1983, 560 copies

Third edition: 1985, 1000 copies

Published jointly by: SKAT, Swiss Center for Appropriate Technology, and ATOL, Aangepaste Technologie Ontwikkelinglanden

Comments, All questions and comments concerning this publication enquiries: and its contents are welcome at SKAT, Varnbüelstr.14, CH-9OOO St.Gallen, Switzerland Copyright: Material of this publication may be freely quoted, translated or otherwise used. Acknowledgement is requested.

ISBN 3 908001 02 1