| Fisheries Technologies for Developing Countries |
Report of an Ad Hoc Panel of the Board on Science and Technology for International Development Office of International Affairs National Research Council
National Academy Press Washington, D.C. 1988
National Academy Press · 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. · Washington, D. C. 20418
NOTICE: The project that is subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance.
This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.
The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Frank Press is president of the National Academy of Sciences.
The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government.The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievement of engineers. Dr. Robert M. White is president of the National Academy of Engineering.
The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an advisor to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical Cairo, research, and education. Dr. Samuel O. Their is president of the Institute of Medicine.
The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1913 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Frank Press and Dr. Robert M. White are chairman and vice chairman' respectively, of the National Research Council.
The Board on Science and Technology for International Development (BOSTID) of the Office of International Affairs addresses a range of issues arising from the ways in which science sod technology in developing countries can stimulate and complement the complex processes of social and economic development. It oversees a broad program of activities with scientific organizations in developing countries, and examine ways to apply science and technology to problems of economic and social development through various programs, research grants, and mechanisms. BOSTID's Advisory Committee on Technology Innovation published topical reviews of technical processes and biological resources of potential importance to developing countries
These proceedings have been prepared by the Board on Science and Technology for International Development, Office of International Affairs, National Research Council, under Grant No DAN-5538-GSS-1023-00, sponsored by the Agency for International Development
Copies to be shipped outside the United States are available from
Board on Science and Technology for International Development
National Research Council
2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W.
Washington, D C 20418 USA
Library of Congress Catalog Card No 87-072035
ISBN 0 309 03188-3
Printed in the United States of America
PARTICIPANTS MEETING ON FISHERIES TECHNOLOGIES FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
John C. Sainsbury,* Department of Fisheries, Science and Technology, Sultan Qaboos University, P.O. Box 32484, Al-Khod, Sultanate of Oman, Chairman.
Walter H. Adey,* Marine Systems Laboratory, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., USA.
William Alevizon, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida, USA.
Menachem Ben-Yami, fisheries consultant, Tiveon, Israel.
James Bohnsack, Southeast Fisheries Center, Miami, Florida, USA.
Stephen C. Drew,* Fisheries Technology Service, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
Judith E. Hansen,* Plant Sciences, Inc., Watsonville, California, USA.
Edward Harper, Institute of Fisheries and Marine Technology, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada.
John M. Kubaryk,* Department of Marine Sciences, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico.
Edward Lipuma,* Anthropology Department, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA.
Arthur J. Lyons,* Atlantic and Gulf Fishing Supply Corporation, Miami, Florida, USA (deceased).
Donald McCreight, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island, USA.
James P. McVey, National Sea Grant College Program, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Rockville, Maryland, USA.
Sarah K. Meltzoff,* Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA.
Jeffrey J. Polovina,* Artificial Reef Program, National Marine Fisheries Service, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.
John W. Shortall III, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA (deceased).
*National Research Council panelists
Norbert Simmons, Department of Fisheries, South Hampton,Bermuda.
Timothy C. Visel, University of Connecticut, Groton,Connecticut, USA.
Francis Williams,* Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric
Sciences, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, USA.
BOSTID STUDY STAFF
M. G. C. McDonald Dow, Associate Director/Studies
E. Griffin Shay, Senior Program Officer
Daniel Suman, National Research Council Fellow
F. R. Ruskin, Editor
Hertha Hanu, Administrative Secretary
Brenda D. Contee, Contributing Artist