| Catalogue of training and information tools on community participation in human settlements |
1. "EL SEMBRADO DE VIVIENDAS
2. "EL CUERPO"
3. "LA PROPIEDAD CO- OPERATIVA"
PRODUCED BY: CENTRO OPERACIONAL DE VIVIENDA Y POBLAMIENTO, A.C. (COPEVI), MEXICO
AVAILABLE FROM: COPEVI, TLALOC 40-2, COL. TLAXPANA, DELG. MIGUEL HIDALGO, 11370 MEXICO, D.F., MEXICO.
COST: THESE ITEMS ARE NOT PRODUCED FOR SALE, BUT THE SUMMARY/INSTRUCTION SHEETS MAY BE OBTAINED ON REQUEST FROM COPEVI.
"EL SEMBRADO DE VIVIENDAS" is an educational game which uses cardboard models to present the physical structure of a neighbourhood, that is, houses, roads and green areas. The objective of the exercise is to help the members of a group to participate in the decision-making process about the use of space in neighbourhood-improvement programmes in an active way. In the exercise, participants are asked to decide how best to use the available land (taking into account land-use regulations) both at an individual level (that is where they want their houses located) and at a communal level (the use of communal spaces).
The materials required to set up the exercises are simple and inexpensive. Instructions on how to organize the group, the materials required, the number of participants etc. are provided in a summary sheet.
The exercise is a useful tool for community development workers, engineers and architects working directly with communities on upgrading, sites-and-services or self-build housing projects. It could be introduced at the design and decision-making stages of schemes.
EL CUERPO is a group activity that involves making up a poster. The objective is to assist the participants to become familiar with the functions of a co-operative general assembly, the duties of office holders and committees and the responsibilities of members. In the process of assembling a poster of a human body, by piecing together the different parts, the members are made aware of how the different structures of a co-operative are linked. This is an entertaining way to introduce new co- operative members to the structure and functions of a housing co- operative. The summary sheet gives clear instructions on how to set up and carry out the exercise, together with drawings and materials which make up the poster.
LA PROPIEDAD COOPERATIVA is a tape-slide show which addresses one of the most common problems in cooperative housing - the concept of co-operative ownership. The tape-slide show is probably most useful for new groups or future members of co-operatives. After viewing the presentation, the participants are asked to discuss whether they agree or disagree with the rules established in the audiovisual. In this way, the trainer has the opportunity to verify whether the participants are fully aware of the implications of becoming co-operative members.