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Roofing Methods

Bicycles and Tricycles

Latin America is strongly influenced by an >automobile culture<, and the dream of a >modern< automotive society is a common dream. However, this dream represses the acknowledgement of the fact, that motorised transportation is very expensive and that it will always be a very minority pleasure.

This book in Spanish language describes the advantages of bicycle and tricycle use as a means of transportation and shows, that bicycles could play a role of similar importance as public transport to cover the transportation needs of the majority of urban and rural population in Latin America. Promoting bicycles as a popular means of transportation requires a change from an >automobile culture< to a >bicycle culture<.

This study includes aspects of bicycle and tricycle use as: transport planning, transport possibilities, use for income generating and stationary activities (grinding, spinning), scientifical and technical aspects, development of the bicycle industry (management, production, maintenance and repair), promotion strategies and bicycle revival in industrialized countries.

R. A. Navarro, U. Heierli and V. Beck: "Alternatives de Transporte en America Latina: La Bicicleta y los Tricicolos" (Transport Alternatives in Latin America. Bicycles and Tricycles).

Copublication by SKAT (Switzerland) - CESTA (El Salvador) - CETAL (Chile)-GATE(FRG): 1st edition 1985. 323 pp. 400 photographs and illustrations.

English summary included. SF 31 ISBN 3 908001 04 8

Send orders to:

SKAT, Varnebuelstr. 14,

9000 St. Gallen/Switzerland

or to CETAL,

Casilla 197-V, Valparaiso/Chile.


Other bicycle-titles available in the bicycle-bookshops of SKAT and CETAL are: Rural Transport in Developing Countries

This book suggests that conventional rural transport planning has been almost exclusively concerned with motorised transport, and with roads designed for its use. Whilst this has no doubt resulted in more effective identification of rural road needs, it has ignored the local-level transport system which provide the means of mobility and access for the mass of the rural population. It includes case studies from Malaysia, India, Nigeria, Kenya, Samoa, Korea, The Phillipines and Bangladesh.

Ian Barwell et. al.: "Rural Transport in Developing Countries". IT Publications. 1st edition 1985. Many illustrations, tables and photographs. M


Rural Roads and Poverty Alleviation

This study analyses the pattern and the use of local road networks, and the causes and effects of road programmes, for goods transport and in the areas of personal travel, education, health- and poverty alleviation in general. The impact of the selection criteria actually used in four countries- Egypt, India, Botswana and Thailand - is presented, and suggestions made for appropriate selection criteria for the future.

John Howe, Peter Richards (Eds.): "Rural Roads and Poverty Alleviation". IT-Publications. 1st edition 1984. 191 pp. Many tables and illustrations. M


Low-cost Vehicles: Options for Moving People and Goods

This book provides an illustrated guide to low-cost forms of transport. Its purpose is to focus attention on the real transport needs of developing communities, and to inform decision-makers about the range of low-cost vehicles available to meet many of those needs.

Gorden Hathway: "Low-cost Vehicles: Options for Moving People and Goods". IT-Publication. 1st edition 1985. 106 pp. Many photographs.


The Bicycle Planning Book

The authors show, in practical terms, how planners and engineers can make provisions for cyclists, and provide a new perspective on bicycle planning for cyclists, environmentalists and anyone interested in the future of our urban environment.

Mike Hudson (Ed.): "The Bicycle fanning Book". Open Books/riends of the Earth. 1st edition 978. 166 pp. Many illustrations, abtes and photographs.


Bicycles & Public Transportation: New Links to Suburban Transit Markets

This book examines the vital role that bike-and-ride access can play in increasing suburban transit ride-ship while cutting transit costs, energy consumption and air pollution. It includes case studies from Japan, Europe and US, planning guidelines and funding suggestions.

Michael A. Replogle: "Bicycles & Public Transportation: New Links to Suburban Transit Markets". Bicycle Federation. 1st edition. 1983. 183 pp. Many illustrations, tables and photographs.


The Penguin Book of the Bicycle

In this book the authors have ought their immense enthusiasm and experience to bear on every aspect: the social and technical evolution of cycling, the dramatic complexities of cycle sport, the modern cycle revival. There are behind-the-scenes visits to the cycle industry and many practical insights into buying, assembling, maintaining and riding a bicycle.

Roderick Watson, Martin Gray: The Penguin Book of the Bicycle". Penguin Books Ltd. 1st edition 1978. 333 pp. Many illustrations and photographs. Approx. SF 18.50


Fix Your Bicycle

This easy-to-use manual can help you maintain your bicycle's safety and efficiency. Step-by-step procedures and detailed illustrations guide you through every job.

Ed Scott: "Fix Your Bicycle". Clymer Publications. 3rd edition 1984. 165 pp. Many illustrations and photographs. M


The Cart Book: With Plans & Projects

This guidebook shows how carts can save time and energy and shows how to build all kinds of practical carts and wagons at amazing low cost, even by non-experienced handymen. All what is needed are a few simple tools and readily available, inexpensive materials.

William L. Sullivan: "The Cart Book: With Plans & Projects". Tab. Books Inc. 1st edition 1983. 286 pp. Many illustrations and photographs.


Pedal Power in Work, Leisure, and Transportation

This unique book explores the potential for pedal-driven devices in the workshop, on the farm, for transportation - anywhere, in fact, where inexpensive energy to run simple machines is needed. It tells why we need to develop the potential for human power and how to do it in an inexpensive and healthful way.

James C. McCullagh (Ed.) "Pedal Power in Work, Leisure, and Transportation". Rodale Press, Inc. 1st edition 1977. 134 pp. Many illustrations and photographs.

Bicycling Science

There are some basic principles associated with bicycle motion which, unlike the detailed design of the machine, do not change with time or fashion. This is a book describing the measurements and experiments which have been made in connection with above basic principles, and some of the designs which have resulted from their application. This book is of interest to all mechanically inquisitive bicyclists, as well as to teachers of elementary mechanics or physiology, and to engineers and others working on low energy consumption transportation.

Rowland Whith, David Gordon Wilson: "Bicycling Science". MIT Press. Fifth printing 1980. 247 pp. Many illustrations, graphics and photographs. Approx. SF 31.-


Roofs in Arid Tropical Zones

There are numerous alternatives to sheet metal and concrete which can be used to roof houses in arid tropical zones, but knowledge of them is still only scant. With different systems of arches, roof structures, and plane or tension structures, builders in these regions of the Third World and different development projects have for a long time been innovating or adapting traditional methods to make the best use of local material, human, and sociocultural resources.

This documentation attempts to gather together the information in this field, to delineate the possibilities of improving roof construction in accordance with local conditions, and to identify a field of study for future research into construction systems.

It forms part of a series of documentations in the collection Technologies and Development, produced by the Cellule Habitat Construction of GRET, on the subject of local materials (lime, plaster, stone) and their use in housing construction.

Daniele Baris (editor): "Toitures en zones tropicales arides". (Roofs in Arid Tropical Zones). Publisher: GRET (Groupe de Recherche et d'Echanges Technologiques), 30, rue de Charonne, F-75011 Paris. Distributed by: La Documentation Francaise, 29 - 31 Quai Voltaire, F-75340 Paris Cedex 07;

price FF 80.00