| The Courier N°146 July-Aug 1994 - Dossier The private sector - Country Reports : Eritrea , Chad |
AFRICA-CARIBBEAN -PACIFIC - EUROPEAN UNION
Mauricio de Maria y Campos UNIDO Director-General
Heading UNIDO since April 1993, Mauricio de Maria y Campos - a former Vice-Minister for Industrial Development in Mexico - first of all had to oversee a complete overhaul of UNIDO's objectives, tasks and staffing, a difficult job which is now nearing completion. Known to be a critic of the ambitious yet disappointing First industrial Development Decade for Africa (IDDA I), in his interview with the Courier he pleads at the outset of IDDA II for a serious rethink of Africa's industrial development strategy. He also gives his views on how the private sector could try to adapt to rapidly changing conditions.
ERITREA The ACP Group's newest member is a nation forged in battle. After 30 years of guerrilla war which went largely unobserved by the outside world, Eritrea drove the Ethiopian army out in 1991 and won international recognition as a sovereign state in May last year. Peace and stability reign, but the ax-fighters now in government face a new challenge: rebuilding a ruined economy. And famine is an ever present threat. Though the war is over, self-reliance is still the guiding principle.
Contrary to popular belief, the Republic of Chad is more than just a huge, poverty-stricken expanse of land, 1 280 000 square kiLomÃ©tres in size and with a population of some six million souls. Our country report points to some aspects of its enormous economic potential - and to one of the main obstacles to real development: the absence of a state apparatus, and the ongoing war. But with democratisation under way and many Chadians apparently firmly committed to democratic change, hope is springing anew.
Whether part of a 'liberal' sea-change, or just a passing fashion, privatisation is sweeping across the globe. Between 1984 and 1991 the governments of a hundred countries - above all developing ones (particularly in South America and Africa) - have sold $250 billion-worth of public enterprises. And the key conclusion of many experts is that this process of economic liberalization and privatization in the productive sector needs to be stepped up. It is widely believed that private investment, whether internally generated, or coming from outside, is essential for the successful relaunch of the developing countries' economies. Following a brief resume of the impact of privatisation, the aim of our Dossier is to give a general analysis of the conditions for private sector participation in development.
ACP-EU Council of Ministers
Against the background of tremendous hope for southern Africa engendered by the successful transition of South Africa to majority rule, the 19th session of the ACP-KU Council of Ministers took place in Mbabane, Swaziland, from 18 to 20 May 1994. It examined progress in the implementation of the Conventions and formally launched negotiations for the mid-term review of LomÃ© IV.