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close this book A training manual in conducting a workshop in the design, construction, operation, maintenance and repair of hydrams
View the document Contents
View the document Foreword
View the document Introduction
Open this folder and view contents Guidelines for users
Open this folder and view contents Session 1: Introduction to training (1½ hours)
Open this folder and view contents Session 2: Introduction to hydrams (3½ hours)
Open this folder and view contents Session 3: Water measurement techniques (3 hours)
Open this folder and view contents Session 4: Measuring heads and distance (2-4 hours)
Open this folder and view contents Session 5: Review exercise #1 (2 hours)
Open this folder and view contents Session 6: Hydram theory (2-3 hour)
Open this folder and view contents Session 7: Basic plumbing tools and materials (1-1½ hours)
Open this folder and view contents Session 8: Hydram construction - Pipefitting (4 - 6 hours)
Open this folder and view contents Session 9: Hydram design theory and parameters (2 hours)
Open this folder and view contents Session 10: Hydram construction - concrete (18 hours over a 7 day period)
Open this folder and view contents Session 11: Hydram component design criteria (1-1½ hours)
Open this folder and view contents Session 12: Hydram selection (1½ - 3 hours)
Open this folder and view contents Session 13: Inter-relationships within the hydram (11-15 hours)
Open this folder and view contents Session 14: Repair and maintenance (2-4 hours)
Open this folder and view contents Session 15: Review exercise #2 (2 hours)
Open this folder and view contents Session 16: Use of multiple rams (1½ hours)
Open this folder and view contents Session 17: Site development (2 hours)
Open this folder and view contents Session 18: Hydram system site selection (2-4 hours)
View the document Session 19: Project planning (2-4 hours)
View the document Session 20: Wrap up and evaluation (2-4 hours)
View the document Glossary of terms
View the document English-metric units conversion table
View the document References
Open this folder and view contents Attachments

Contents

Foreword

Introduction

Guidelines for users

Workshop: tools, equipment, materials

Hydram construction materials

Sample worksheet for final materials list

Suggested schedule for hydram workshop

Construction of a PVC hydram time: 4-5 hours (for demonstration purposes)

1. Attachment A : PVC Hydram - illustration

Session 1: Introduction to training (1½ hours)

Handout 1A: "What's in a name"

Handout 1B: Hydram Training Workshop Objectives

Session 2: Introduction to hydrams (3½ hours)

Handout 2A: Potential energy

Handout 2B: Hydram installation

Handout 2C: Typical hydram

Handout 2D: Glossary of terms for session 2

Handout 2E: Hydram training workshop participant site information

Session 3: Water measurement techniques (3 hours)

Handout 3A: Using a Weir

Handout 3B: Using a Weir - diagram

Handout 3C: Weir table

Handout 3C: Weir table - metric

Handout 3D: The float method of measurement

Session 4: Measuring heads and distance (2-4 hours)

Handout 4A: Calibrating a sight level

Handout 4B: Using a sight level

Handout 4C: Alternate ways of measuring heads

Handout 4D: Alternate ways of measuring heads

Handout 4E: Distance and head measurement worksheet

Session 5: Review exercise #1 (2 hours)

Handout 5A: Review exercise #1

Handout 5B: Answers to review exercise #1

Session 6: Hydram theory (2-3 hour)

Handout 6A: Pressure analysis

Handout 6B: Glossary of terms for session 6

Handout 2B: Hydram installation

Session 7: Basic plumbing tools and materials (1-1½ hours)

Handout 7A: Typical fittings

Session 8: Hydram construction - Pipefitting (4 - 6 hours)

Handout 8A: Pipefitting hydram w/ Modified factory valves

Handout 8B: Pipefitting hydram w/ Field-made valves

Handout 8C: Materials and procedures: fabricated ram

Session 9: Hydram design theory and parameters (2 hours)

Handout 10B: Thickness of the impulse valve plate - inches

Handout 10B: Thickness of the impulse valve plate - metric

Handout 10C: Impulse valve steel backing

Handout 10C: Impulse valve steel backing - metric

Handout 10D: Impulse valve seat width - inches

Handout 10D: Impulse valve seat width - metric

Handout 10E: Check valve backing thickness - inches

Handout 10E: Check valve backing thickness - metric

Handout 10F: Check valve seat width - inches

Handout 10F: Check valve seat width - metric

Handout 9A-1: Welded hydram: side view

Handout 9A-2: Welded hydram: exploded view

Handout 9A-3: Welded hydram: impulse cavity exploded view

Handout 9A-4: Welded hydram: accumulator: exploded view

Handout 9A-5: Welded hydram 20' drive head dimensions

Handout 9A-7: Welded hydram 20' drive head dimensions

Session 10: Hydram construction - concrete (18 hours over a 7 day period)

Handout 10A: Concrete hydram design parameters

Handout 10B: Thickness of the impulse valve plate - inches

Handout 10B: Thickness of the impulse valve plate - metric

Handout 10C: Impulse valve steel backing - inches

Handout 10C: Impulse valve steel backing - metric

Handout 10D: Impulse valve seat width - inches

Handout 10D: Impulse valve seat width - metric

Handout 10E: Check valve backing thickness - inches

Handout 10E: Check valve backing thickness - metric

Handout 10F: Check valve seat width - inches

Handout 10F: Check valve seat width - metric

Handout 10H: Exploded view of 2- piece concrete hydram

Handout 10I: Side view 2-piece concrete hydram

Handout 10J: Two piece concrete hydram form

Handout 10K: Two piece concrete hydram

Handout 10L: One Piece Concrete Hydram Form

Handout 10M: Problem

Handout 10N: Materials and procedures

Session 11: Hydram component design criteria (1-1½ hours)

Handout 11A: Typical impulse valve

Handout 11B: Typical check valves

Handout 11C: Typical snifters

Session 12: Hydram selection (1½ - 3 hours)

Handout 12A - Hydram comparison

Session 13: Inter-relationships within the hydram (11-15 hours)

Handout 13A: Exercises: Determining the effect of:

1. Exercise 1: h:H ratio on efficiency

2. Exercise 2: Frequency on the maximum delivery head to drive head ratio

3. Exercise 3: Frequency on efficiency, quantity of water entering the hydram and quantity of water delivered

4. Exercise 4: Volume of air in the accumulator on efficiency

5. Exercise 5: Drive pipe length on efficiency

6. Exercise 6: Drive pipe diameter on efficiency

7. Exercise 7: The snifter on efficiency

8. Exercise 8: Effect of the drive material on efficiency

Handout 13B: Typical hydram experiment set-up

Handout 13C: Sample graphs

Session 14: Repair and maintenance (2-4 hours)

Handout 14A: Repair and maintenance chart

Handout 14 B: Repair and maintenance worksheet

Handout 14 C: Maintenance/service worksheet

Session 15: Review exercise #2 (2 hours)

Handout 15A: Review exercise

Session 16: Use of multiple rams (1½ hours)

Handout 16A: Series hydram installation

Handout 16B: Waste water series hydram installation

Handout 16C: Parallel hydrams

Handout 16D: Sample problems

Session 17: Site development (2 hours)

Handout 17A: Settling area - take-off system

Handout 17B: Hydram box

Handout 17C: Guidelines/checklist

Handout 17D: Site development

Handout 17E: Glossary of terms

Session 18: Hydram system site selection (2-4 hours)

Handout 18A: Hydram system site selection

Handout 18B: Diagram system for site selection

Session 19: Project planning (2-4 hours)

Session 20: Wrap up and evaluation (2-4 hours)

Glossary of terms

English-metric units conversion table

References

Attachments

Attachment 1-A

Attachment 1-B

Attachment 2-A

Attachment 2-B

Attachment 2-C

Attachment 2-D

Attachment 2-E

Attachment 3-A

Attachment 3-B

Attachment 3-C

Attachment 3-C - metric

Attachment 3-D

Attachment 4-A

Attachment 4-B

Attachment 4-C

Attachment 4-D

Attachment 5-A

Attachment 5-B

Attachment 6-A

Attachment 6-B

Attachment 2-B

Attachment 7-A

Attachment 8-A

Attachment 8-B

Attachment 8-C

Attachment 10-B

Attachment 10B - metric

Attachment 10-C

Attachment 10-C - metric

Attachment 10-D

Attachment 10-D - metric

Attachment 10-E

Attachment 10-E - metric

Attachment 10-F

Attachment 10-F - metric

Attachment 9-A-1

Attachment 9-A-2

Attachment 9-A-3

Attachment 9-A-4

Attachment 9-A-5

Attachment 9-A-7

Attachment 10-A

Attachment 10-H

Attachment 10-I

Attachment 10-J

Attachment 10-L

Attachment 10-M

Attachment 10-N

Attachment 11-A

Attachment 11-B

Attachment 11-C

Attachment 12-A

Attachment 13-A

Attachment 13-B

Attachment 13-C

Attachment 14-A

Attachment 14-B

Attachment 14-C

Attachment 15-A

Attachment 16-A

Attachment 16-B

Attachment 16-C

Attachment 16-D

Attachment 17-A

Attachment 17-B

Attachment 17-C

Attachment 17-D

Attachment 17-E

Attachment 18-A

Attachment 18-B

Attachment - Glossary of terms

Attachment - English-metric units conversion table