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Organic Waste

Inge Lardinois and Arnold van de Klundert (eds.): Organic Waste. Published by WASRE Consultants (Gouda) and TOOL (Amsterdam), The Netherlands, 1993. 132pp. ISBN 90-70857-33-2.

TOOL Publications, Sarphatistraat 650,1018 AV Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

This is the first publication in the Urban Solid Waste Series, which documents recycling activities in cities in the South. The hook deals with the importance of organic waste recovery in the urban waste management and related health and economic issues, and shows small-scale options for use as animal fodder, fuel, soil conditioner and fertilizer. Attention is paid to small-scale activities for microentrepreneurs and communities in order to create employment in urban low-income areas. Financial aspects, marketability of the products, environmental problems and government policies are also dealt with. The book is based on data taken from research reports of seven local consultants in Accra, Bamako, Cairo, Calcutta, Manila and Nairobi and on additional literature research.

Future titles in this series, "Plastic Waste" and "Rubber Waste " will describe how plastics and rubber are reprocessed in informal microenterprises and turned into end products for low-income customers or into semimanufactured products for use by the formal industries.

The fourth publication "Hazardous Waste» will pay specific attention to the recovery of some hazardous waste materials such as motor oil, photochemicals and household batteries. These titles will be available in the course of 1995.

More information can be obtained from WASTE Consultants, Crabethstraat 38 F, 2801 AN Gouda, The Netherland, tel +31-1820-22625, fax + 31-1820-84885, E-mail via TOOLNET: 2:280/810.128, via internet:


Domestic Sanitary: Guidelines

Oeltzschner, N.; Mutz, D. Guidelines for an Appropriate Management of Domestic Sanitary Landfill Sites

1994. 64 pp. DM 18.00, Order no.: 700408, GTZ, OE 414. P.O. Box 5180, D-65726 Eschborn.

The sanitary management of waste disposal sites becomes a focal point of environmental protection. The experience of the past, however, has indicated that there is a lack of adequate information for the selection, construction and operation of landfill sites, which pays sufficient attention to the financial, social, legal and technical constraints in the respective area. The presented guidelines are intended as a set of minimum technology recommendations.



Waterlines. Appropriate Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation is a quarterly journal published by ITDG. It is written for professionals like administrators or engineers, project managers or policy makers, trainers or fieldworkers. Subscriptions are available from Intermediate Technology Publications (ITP) at 103-105 Southampton Row, London WC1B 4HH. ITP is the publication branch of ITDG, one of the first organisations in Europe dealing with Appropriate Technology.


Small-scale Enterprises

AT Forum No. 5, 1994. Newsletter of German AT Association, the artefact Centre for Appropriate Technology and the Artes Institute.

Address: artefact, Bremsbergallee 35, D-24960 Glücksburg/Germany. Free of charge. ISSN 0943-9757.

The new issue of this Appropriate Technology (AT) magazine focuses on "small-scale enterprises ". Since its beginnings, the AT-concept has been closely associated with promoting small-scale enterprises and artisan trade-crafts. Micro and small businesses in countries of the South create workplaces through low capital investment, mobilize local resources and produce mainly for the local market.

The more recently developed concepts for promoting smalls-scale industry build, above all, on the initiative of entrepreneurs themselves. With soft, flexible program structures instead of hardware-oriented projects, entrepreneurial initiative is today being supported.

Articles are about: Needs-orientated further training for bronze casters in the Damari Region of the Niger; support programme for entrepreneurs of German origin in Russia; small-scale textile industries promotion in Ghana; CEFE entrepreneurship programme; action research - participatory and process-oriented methods in development cooperation; promotion of ecologically orientated enterprises in Schleswig-Flensburg/Germany.


Jardins et Vergers d'Afrique

Hugues Dupriez, Philippe de Leener: Jardins et Vergers d'Afrique.

Terres et vie, Nivelles 1987, 354 p. ISBN: 2-87105-005-8 (Terres et vie, rue Laurent Delvaux 13, B-1400 Nivelles, Belgique). Les informations concrètes contenues dans cet ouvrage ont pour objet d'aider les producteurs à réussir leurs cultures mais sont également très utiles aux conseillers et vulgarisateurs à qui elles permet-tent de mieux comprendre les problèmes des producteurs. Ensemble, ces deux ouvrages livrent une panoplie de solutions efficaces en vue de surmonter la crise.


Jardins des Villes, Jardins des Champs

Valerie Autissier: Jardins des villes, jardins des champs. Maraîchage en Afrique de l'Ouest, du diagnostic à l'intervention.

GRET, Paris 1994. 295 p. ISBN: 2-86844-056-8.190FF. (GRET, 213 Rue Lafayette, F-75010 Paris, France).

Ouvrage technique hautement actuel pour les concepteurs et conseillers dans le domaine de la culture maraîchère en Afrique de l'Ouest. L'auteur considère que la dévaluation du Franc CFA ayant eu lieu en 1994 a de bonnes chances de se traduire par un accroissement de la demande de produits locaux et se trouve ainsi en congruence avec l'exigence soulevée depuis de longues années par les producteurs regionaux: Consommez les produits du pays. Etant donné que cet ouvrage technique ne convient pas et n'est d'ailleurs pas destiné aux praticiens désireux de se livrer à la culture dans leurs propres jardins et sur leurs champs, il devrait être complété par un ouvrage déjà plus ancien, dont les références sont indiquées ci-dessous.



Chris Brils, Pauline van de Ende, Bertken de Leede, Peter Paap : Agroforestry. Agrodok No. 16. Agromisa, Wageningen 1994. 80 pp. ISBN: 90-72746-55-4. (Agromisa, P.O.Box 41, NL-6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands). Inhabitants of the APC countries can apply for AGRODOKS free of charge at: CTA, P. O. Box 380, NL-6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands Agroforestry is the practice of cultivating annual crops in combination with trees and/or livestock. In this Agrodok an overview is given of the principles, possibilities and restrictions of agroforestry. It is intended as a guide, offering a variety of options for improved land use. It aims to illustrate the diversity of agroforestry practices which occur under different conditions. Ideas for both humid and arid tropical areas are offered.


Preservation of Fish and Meat

Maas van Berkel, B. van den Boogard, C. Hejnen.: Preservation of fish and meat. Agrodok No.12. AGROMISA, Wageningen 1994.67 pp. ISBN: 90-7274649-X.

This Agrodok is a practical manual giving a review of simple techniques used to preserve fish and meat. A general introduction deals with the principles of spoilage prevention. Followed by a description of various methods of preserving, such as the salting, drying and smoking of fish and meat, the fermentation of fish, and also canning, cooling and freezing of fish and meat.


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