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close this book Seeds and plant propagation
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View the document Workshop to revise the agroforestry technology information kit (ATIK)
View the document Workshop to revise the agroforestry technology information kit (ATIK) - November 16-21, 1992 IIRR, Silang, Cavite
View the document Current program thrusts in upland development
View the document Seeds and plant propagation: An overview
View the document Timing of seed collection
View the document Seed processing
View the document Seed quality testing
View the document Hastening seed germination
View the document Seed treatement for better and faster germination
View the document Seed storage and longevity
View the document Agroforestry seed storage
View the document Tree nursery: Establishment and management
View the document Vegetative propagation
View the document Asexual propagation methods for commonly used agroforestry species: Fruit crops
View the document Rooting of cuttings in homemade mist chambers

Agroforestry seed storage

 

SCIENTIFIC NAMES

COMMON NAME

STORAGE ENVIRONMENT

STORABILITY

DRYING

       

RESPONSE

         

Acacia auriculiforrnis

Japanese acacia, Auri

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

6-12 months

Tolerant

   

condition

   
         

Acacia catechu

Cutch tree, Black

Ambient temperature

6-12 months

Tolerant

 

cutch

     
         

Acacia confuse

Ayangile

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

3 months

Tolerant

   

condition

   
         

Acacia dealbata

Silver wattle

Ambient temperature

More than 2

Tolerant

     

years

 
         

Acacia decurrens

Green wattle

Ambient temperature

More than 2

Tolerant

     

years

 
         

Acacia famesiana

Aroma Sweet

Ambient temperature

1-2 years

Tolerant

         

Acacia mangium

Mangium, hickory

Sun-dried, stored in air-tight

Several years

Tolerant

 

wattle

containers under ambient

   
   

condition

   
         

Acacia meamsii

Black wattle

Ambient temperature

1-2 years

Tolerant

         

Acacia melanoxylon

Australian blackwood

Ambient temperature

1-2 years

Tolerant

         

Acacia modesta

 

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

         

Acacia nilotica

Egyptian acacia

Ordinary room condition

More than 2

Tolerant

         

Acacia senegal

 

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

         

Acacia tortilis

Umbrella thorn

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

         

Acer caesicum

 

Refrigerated condition

1-6 months

Tolerant

         

Acer campbellium

 

Refrigerated condition

1-6 months

Tolerant

         

Acer oblongum

 

Refrigerated condition

6-12 months

Tolerant

         

Afzelia rhomboidea

Tindalo

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

         

Agathis dammara

Almaciga, Manila

Ordinary room condition

1-6 months

Sensitive

(A. philippinensis

copal

     
         

Albizia lebbek

Langil, Black ebony

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

4-5 years

Tolerant

   

condition

   
         

Albizia odoratissima

 

Refrigerated condition

More than 2

Tolerant

         

Albizia procera

Akleng parang, White

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

1 year

Tolerant

 

siris

condition

   
         

Albizia saman

Acacia, Raintree

(a) Sun-dried, stored in dry,

Several years

Tolerant

(Samanea saman)

 

cool, and ambient condition

   
   

(b) Refrigerated seeds (6-8%

1 year

 
   

moisture content) stored in cans

   
   

or in plastic bags

   
         

Aleurites moluccana

Lumbang, Candle nut

Sun-dried, stored under ordinary

1-2 years

Tolerant

 

tree

room condition.

   
         

Aleurites trisperma

Bagilumbang

Ordinary room condition

1 month

Tolerant

         

Alnus acuminate

Alnus

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

1 month

Tolerant

   

condition

   
         

Alnus nepalensis

Alder

Refrigerated condition

1-6 months

Tolerant

         

Alnus nitida

 

Refrigerated condition

1-6 months

Tolerant

         

Anacardium

Cashew, Kasuy

Sun-dried for 2 days, stored

1 year

Tolerant

occidentale

 

under ordinary room condition

   
         

Anthocephalus

Kaatoan bangkal

Air-dried for 2 days, stored

1 year

Tolerant

chinensis

 

under ordinary room condition

   
         

Areca catechu

Bunga, Betel nut palm

Ordinary room condition

2.5-6 months

Tolerant

         

Artocarpus

Jackffuit, Langka

(a) In sawdust or coirdust,

1 month

Sensitive

heterophyllus

 

ordinary room temperature

   
   

(b) Moist seeds surface.

1 month

 
   

sterilized with chlorox for 5

   
   

minutes and stored in air-tight

   
   

containers at 18°C

   
         

Averrhoa carambola

Balimbing,

Star fruit ordinary room

2 months

Tolerant

   

condition

   
         

Azadirachta indica

Neem

(a) Sealed air-tight container

16 weeks

Tolerant

   

under ordinary room tempe

   
   

rature

   
   

(b) Sun-dried, stored under

2-3 weeks

 
   

ambient condition

   
         

Bambusa

Indian bamboo

Refrigerated condition

1-2 months

Tolerant

arundinaceae

       
         

Betula alnoides

 

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

         

Cajanus cajan

Kadyos, Pigeon pea

Sun-dried, stored in paper bags

4 months

Tolerant

   

under ambient condition

   
         

Calliandra

Calliandra

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

1 year

Tolerant

calothyrsus

condition

     
         

Calophyllum blancoi

Bitanghol

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

         

Calophyllum

Bitaog

Seeds (greater than 20%

6 months

Sensitive

inophyllum

 

moisture content) in sealed

   
   

plastic bags stored in the

   
   

refrigerator or cold room

   
         

Cananga odorata

Ilang-ilang

Ordinary room condition

1-6 months

No data

         

Canarium ovatum

Pili, Pili nut

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

         

Carica papaya

Papaya

Sun-dried or shade-dried for 48

1 year

Tolerant

   

hours, stored in sealed glass or

   
   

polyethene jars under ordinary

   
   

room temperature

   
         

Cassia fistula

Golden shower

Seeds (less than 20% moisture

4-6 months

Sensitive

   

content) in seated plastic bags

   
   

stored in air-conditioned room

   
         

Cassia javanica

Antsoan

Ordinary room condition

More than 2

Tolerant

     

years

 
         

Cassia siamea

Balayong tindalo,

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

Several years

Tolerant

 

Thailand shower

condition

   
         

Cassia spectabilis

Antsoan dilau

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

Several years

Tolerant

   

condition

   
         

Casuarina

Agoho, Casuarina,

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

3 months

Tolerant

equisetifolia

Horsetail tree

condition

   
         

Citrus limon

Lemon

Treated with fungicide, stored

2 years

Sensitive

   

motet in thin closed plastic bag

   
   

at 0-4°C

   
         

Cocos nucifera

Coconut, Niyog

Select thin-husked, round, large

80 days

Sensitive

   

and heavy nuts, stored under

   
   

ambient condition.

   
         

Coffea robusta

Kape, coffee

CO2 absorbent storage medium

6-10 months

Sensitive

   

in seated bottle at 4-7°C

   
         

Corypha utan

Buli, Buri palm

Sun-dried for 2 weeks, stored in

34 months

Tolerant

(C. elata)

 

plastic bags and sacks under

   
   

ordinary room condition

   
         

Cryptomeria japonica

 

Refrigerated condition

6-12 months

Tolerant

         

Dalbergia sissoco

Zigzag rosewood

Ordinary room condition

6-12 months

Tolerant

         

Delonix regia

Fire tree

Seeds (7-8% moisture content)

7 months

Tolerant

   

placed in cans or plastic bags

   
   

and stoma in the refrigerator or

   
   

air conditioned room

   
         

Durio zibethinus

Durian, Civet fruit

(a) Moist seeds at 28-30°C

2-3 weeks

Sensitive

   

(b) In air-tight container (seeds

4 weeks

 
   

moist and surface sterilized

   
   

before storage)

   
         

Erythrophloeum

Kamatog

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

densiflorum

       
         

Eucalyptus deglupta

Eucalyptus, Bagras

(a) Air-dried 2-3 days, stored

3 months

Tolerant

   

under ordinary condition

   
   

(b) Seeds less than 10%

More than

Tolerant

   

moisture content, stored in

3 months

 
   

sealed containers at 1-4°C

   
         

Eucalyptus globulus

Tasmanian bluegum

Refrigerator condition

6-12 months

Tolerant

         

Eusideroxylon

Tambulian

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

zwageri

       
         

Garcinia mangostana

Mangosteen

In moist sand or sawdust at

2 months

Sensitive

   

ordinary room condition

   
         

Gliridia septum

Kakawate, Madre de

(a) Sun-dried, stored in air-tight

6 weeks

Tolerant

 

Cacao, Quick stick

containers with charcoal under

   
   

ambient condition or refrigerated

   
   

condition year

   
   

(b) Stored and maintained dry at

3 months

 
   

17°C

   
   

(c) Stored in refrigerated

   
   

condition

   
         

Gmelina arborea

Gmelina, Yemane,

Sun-dried for 2 days, stored

3 months

Tolerant

 

Paper tree

under ordinary room condition

   
         

Grevillea robusta

Siver oak, Silky oak

Refrigerated condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

         

Hevea brasiliensis

Rubber

(a) Moist seeds in finely

4 months

Sensitive

   

perforated plastic bag with damp

   
   

sawdust at 7-10°C

   
   

(b) Seeds with 47% moisture

3-5 months

 
   

content stored in slightly

   
   

perforated plastic bag under

   
   

ambient condition and treated

   
   

with fungicide

   
   

(c) Soak freshly collected

1 year

 
   

cleaned seeds in 0.3% Benlate,

   
   

drain, surface dry then store in

   
   

plastic bag under ambient

   
   

condition

   
         

Hopea foxworthyii

Dalingdingan

Dewinged seeds in perforated

21 days

Sensitive

   

plastic bags placed in a carton

   
   

box with hole at room

   
   

temperature

   
         

Hopea helferi

Yakal

(a) In water at 4°C

3 weeks

Sensitive

   

(b) Unsealed plastic bag, (partial

37 days

 
   

drying recommended), 47%

   
   

moisture content at 15°C

   
         

Indigofera sp.

Tayum, Indigofera

Sun-dried, stored under ordinary

8 months

Tolerant

   

room condition

   
         

Intsia bijuga

Ipil, Moluccan iron

(a) Seeds sun-dried for 3 days.

9 months

Tolerant

 

wood

stored under ordinary room

   
   

condition

   
   

(b) Seeds (7-8% moisture

1-2 years

 
   

content) in plastic bags or jute

   
   

sacks stored at room

   
   

temperature

   
   

(c) Seeds (7-8% moisture

2 years

 
   

content) in plastic bags stored in

   
   

the refrigerator

   
         

Lagerstroemia

Banaba

Ordinary room condition

1-6 months

Sensitive

speciosa

       
         

Leucaena diversifolia

Acid ipil-ipil,

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

8 months

Tolerant

 

Diversifolia

condition

   
         

Leucaena

Ipil-ipil, Leucaena,

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

1-3 years

Tolerant

leucocephala

Horse tamarind

condition

   
         

Mangifera indica

Mango, mangga

(a) In sealed plastic bags with

4 months

Sensitive

   

moist charcoal under ordinary

   
   

room condition

   
   

(b) Moist seeds in sealed plastic

13 weeks

 
   

bags with charcoal, ventilated,

   
   

and stored at 20-23°C

   
         

Mimosa scabella

Mimosa

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

3-5 years

Tolerant

   

condition

   
         

Morus alba

Mulberry

(a) Dried seeds stored in air-

1 year

Tolerant

   

tight jars with calcium chloride

   
         

Nephelium

Rambutan

In sand or sawdust at ordinary

1 month

Sensitive

lappaceum

 

room condition

   
         

Olea ferruginea

 

Ordinary room condition

6-12 months

Tolerant

         

Paraserianthes

Moluccan sau,

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

2 years

Tolerant

falcataria (Albizia

Falcata, White albizia

condition

   

falcataria)

       
         

Parkia roxburghii

Kupang

Seeds (7-8% moisture content)

1-2 years

Tolerant

   

in cans or plastic bags stored in

   
   

the refrigerator or at ordinary

   
   

room temperature

   
         

Passiflora edulis

Passion fruit

Stored in seated container at

9 months

Tolerant

   

20°C

   
         

Peltophorum

Siar

Sun-dried, stored under

6 months

Tolerant

pterocarpus

 

refrigerated condition

   
         

Persea americana

Avocado,Guacamole

(a) Moist seeds in sealed plastic

5 months

5 Sensitive

   

bag + fungicide (soak for 5

   
   

minutes in 0.3% captan);

   
   

aerated at 4°C

   
   

(b) Moist seeds in dry peat

8 months

 
   

moss at 5-6°C

   
         

Picea smithiana

 

Refrigerated condition

6-12 months

Tolerant

         

Piliostigma

Alibangbang, Butterfly

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

malabaricum

tree

     

(Bauhinia malabarica)

       
         

Pinus caribaea

Carribean pine

Seeds (less than 10% moisture

10 years

Tolerant

   

content) at 0 to 5°C

   
         

Pinus kesiya

Benguet pine

(a) Sun-dried seeds kept in

3-12 months

Tolerant

   

plastic bags or bottles under

   
   

ambient condition

   
   

(b) Sun-dried, ordinary room

1 year

 
   

condition

   
   

(c) Sun-dried, stored in

2 years

 
   

refrigerator

   
         

Pithecellobium duke

Kamachile, Manila

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

More than 6

Tolerant

 

tamarind

condition

months

 
         

Prosopis chilensis

 

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

         

Prosopis cineraria

 

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

         

Psidium guajava

Bayabas, Guava

Dried 1 week, kept in sealed tin

15 years

Tolerant

   

can, glass jar or polyethene jar

   
   

under ordinary room

   
   

temperature

   
         

Pterocarpus indicus

Smooth narra

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

3 years

Tolerant

   

condition

   
         

Rhizophora apiculata

Bakauan lalake

Clean, moist seeds + fungicide

2 months

Sensitive

   

and insecticide stored in sealed

   
   

plastic bags under ordinary

   
   

room condition

   
         

Rhizophora

Bakauan babae,

Clean, moist seeds + fungicide

2 months

Sensitive

mucronata

Mangrove cutch, Red

and insecticide stored in sealed

   
 

mangrove

plastic bags under ordinary

   
   

room condition

   
         

Rhizophora stylosa

Bakauan bato

Clean, moist seeds + fungicide

2 months

Sensitive

   

and insecticide stored in sealed

   
   

plastic bags under ordinary

   
   

room condition

   
         

Rhododendron spp.

Malagos

Kept over calcium chloride, 20°C

4-6 months

Tolerant

   

temperature

   
         

Serialbizia acle

Akle

Seeds air-deed, stored under

1 year

Tolerant

   

ordinary room condition

   
         

Sesbania sesban

Sesban

Cool and dry place

1 year

Tolerant

         

Shorea ovalis

Lauan

Moist seeds in sealed inflated

3 months

Sensitive

   

plastic bag + fungicide kept in

   
   

the dark at temperature higher

   
   

than 15°C

   
         

Shorea robusta

Sal tree, Indian sal

Refrigerated condition

Less than 1

Sensitive

     

month

 
         

Shorea talura

Lauan

Moist seeds placed in sealed

6 months

Sensitive

   

inflated plastic bag + fungicide

   
   

and stored in the dark at 4°C

   
         

Sindora supa

Supa

Seeds (7-8% moisture content)

1-2 years

Tolerant

   

in cans or plastic bags stored in

   
   

the refrigerator or at ordinary

   
   

room condition

   
         

Spathodea

African tulip

Ordinary room condition

Short-lived

Sensitive

campanulata

       
         

Swietenia

Large leaf mahogany

(a) Sun-dried, stored in seated

1 year

Tolerant

macrophylla

 

container with charcoal or

   
   

sawdust

   
   

(b) Refrigerated seeds in seated

More than 1

 
   

containers with charcoal or

year

 
   

sawdust

   
   

(c) Sun-dried, stored under

4 months

 
   

ambient condition

   
         

Symphonia

 

Placed in wet medium, 15°C

12 months

Sensitive

globulifera

       
         

Tamarindus indica

Tamarind, Sampaloc

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

6-12 months

Tolerant

     

condition

 
         

Tarrietia sylvatica

Dungon

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

         

Tectona grandis

Teak, Yati

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

1 year

Tolerant

 

condition

     
         

Terminalia bellirica

 

Ordinary room condition

6-12 months

Tolerant

         

Terminalia catappa

Talisai, Tropical

Ordinary room condition

1-2 years

Tolerant

   

almond

   
         

Terminalia chebula

Myrabolans

Ordinary room condition

6-12 months

Tolerant

         

Theobroma cacao

Cacao, Cocoa

(a) + fungicide, 31-33%

4 months

Sensitive

   

moisture content, 25-30°C

   
   

(b) Peeled seeds are shade-

3 months

 
   

dried for 2 hours, kept in plastic

   
   

bags under ambient condition

   
   

and treated with fungicide

   
   

(c) Stored in damp charcoal/

6 months

 
   

sawdust/moist sand, dried in air

   
   

conditioned room, and dusted

   
   

with fungicide in perforated bags

   
         

Toona calantas

Kalantas

Ordinary room condition

1-6 months

Sensitive

         

Toona sureni

Danupra

Ordinary room condition

1-6 months

Sensitive

         

Triplaris cumingiana

Palo-santo

Ordinary room condition

1-6 months

Sensitive

         

Vitex parviflora

Molave

Sun-dried, stored under ambient

1 year

Tolerant

   

condition

   
         

Wikstroemia spp.

Salago

(a) Sun-dried, stored under

6 months

Tolerant

   

refrigerated condition

   
   

(b) Sun-dried, stored under

2 months

Tolerant

   

ambient condition