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close this bookSexual Violence against Refugees - Guidelines on Prevention and Response (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) / Alto Comisionado de Naciones Unidas para los Refugiados (ACNUR), 1995, 106 p.)
close this folderChapter 1 - SEXUAL VIOLENCE IN THE CONTEXT OF REFUGEES
View the document1.1 Definition and Nature of Sexual Violence
View the document1.2 Persons Most Vulnerable to Sexual Violence
View the document1.3 Situations Where Sexual Violence May Occur
View the document1.4 Under-Reporting of Sexual Violence
View the document1.5 Effects of Sexual Violence
View the document1.6 Causes of Sexual Violence
View the document1.7 False Claims

1.2 Persons Most Vulnerable to Sexual Violence

Experience shows that unaccompanied women and lone female heads of household are at the greatest risk of being subjected to sexual violence. Children are particularly vulnerable to sexual abuse given their high level of trust. Unaccompanied children and children in foster families also are especially at risk. Furthermore, refugees of all ages and both genders face a significantly increased risk of sexual violence when in detention or detention-like situations. Refugee workers should be aware that the very old, the infirm, and the physically and mentally disabled may also be vulnerable to attack.

Refugees most at risk of being subjected to sexual violence:

· unaccompanied women
· lone female heads of household
· unaccompanied children
· children in foster care arrangements
· those in detention or detention-like situations.