|UNHCR Guidelines on Selecting and Using Disinfectants (WHO - OMS, 1997, 45 p.)|
|VII - Technical specifications for implementing disinfection|
The appearance of AIDS has thrown a new light on the problem of hygiene in medical practice. The risk of transmission by contaminated equipment is relatively low but it does exist.
However, no particular precautions need be taken because of the AIDS virus (HIV). AIDS is not the first disease that can be transmitted by contaminated equipment. Hepatitis B, in particular, can easily be transmitted in this way.
If the elementary rules of asepsis involving the destruction or the decontamination of soiled materials and the proper disinfection or sterilisation of reusable medical equipment were respected they would be more than sufficient to avoid the transmission of AIDS by medical or surgical acts. But they are all too often neglected which involves a risk of contamination for patients and health staff alike.