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close this bookUNHCR Guidelines on Selecting and Using Disinfectants (WHO - OMS, 1997, 45 p.)
close this folderVII - Technical specifications for implementing disinfection
View the documentDisinfecting and sterilising medical equipment
View the documentSpecial disinfection measures relating to AIDS
View the documentEvacuation and decontamination of soiled materials
View the documentFinal disinfecting and sterilising of instruments and reusable materials
View the documentPreparation and storage of antiseptic solutions: essential precautions
View the documentDisinfecting a well after pollution
View the documentDisinfecting a water reservoir after pollution
Open this folder and view contentsChlorinating drinking water
Open this folder and view contentsDisinfecting measures in cases of cholera epidemics

Special disinfection measures relating to AIDS

The appearance of AIDS has thrown a new light on the problem of hygiene in medical practice. The risk of transmission by contaminated equipment is relatively low but it does exist.

However, no particular precautions need be taken because of the AIDS virus (HIV). AIDS is not the first disease that can be transmitted by contaminated equipment. Hepatitis B, in particular, can easily be transmitted in this way.

If the elementary rules of asepsis involving the destruction or the decontamination of soiled materials and the proper disinfection or sterilisation of reusable medical equipment were respected they would be more than sufficient to avoid the transmission of AIDS by medical or surgical acts. But they are all too often neglected which involves a risk of contamination for patients and health staff alike.