|Health Laboratory Facilities in Emergencies and Disaster Situations. (WHO - OMS, 1994, 169 p.)|
|Chapter 10 Supply of blood for transfusion in emergencies|
The first decision to make in any emergency is whether blood for transfusion is required. This will depend upon factors such as:
· the type of patient involved (e.g. epidemics or natural disasters such as floods are not likely to result in conditions requiring urgent blood transfusions);
· the availability and accessibility of blood from existing blood transfusion services;
· the availability of plasma substitutes, or volume expanders, such as crystalloid or colloid solutions.
These factors should be considered during preliminary assessment of the emergency situation.