|Declaration of Cooperation - Mental Health of Refugees, Displaced and Other Populations Affected by Conflict and Post-Conflict Situations (WHO - OMS, 2001, 12 p.)|
Article 16. In the elaboration of post-conflict mental health policies and programmes, policy- makers must take into account the possible conflict of aims in promoting return, recovery, and reconstruction. Realistic transitional objectives must be developed to avoid overburdening physically and mentally exhausted and traumatised populations with unduly ambitious goals.
Article 17. In so far as it affects adversely the lives
of refugees and other displaced persons, their situation must not be normalised.
For all refugees and displaced persons, voluntary repatriation is not only a
right but is essential and must be facilitated in all possible ways. Forcible
repatriation must not be carried out. Whether they remain in a war-torn country
or flee to exile, most of them sustain or witness
Article 18. Repatriation programmes should include appropriate preparation of both receiving and the refugee communities to prevent discrimination, revenge and acts of violence against each other. They should also include coordination and implementation of mental health programmes for the chronically mentally ill and the traumatised. All precautions must be taken to avoid unintentional exclusion of the most deprived and of people in vulnerable groups.