|Disasters Preparedness and Mitigation - Issue No. 55 - July, 1993 (Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) / Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS), 1993, 8 p.)|
The books referred to in this section have been
abstracted from review copies sent to the Editor of this Newsletter. Except
where noted otherwise none of the books are available from PAHO. The publisher
and the list price (when available) are included at the end of the abstracts for
readers who are interested in purchasing the books.
DHA-Geneva Publishes Multilingual Glossary
The U.N. Department of Humanitarian Affairs, DHA-Geneva (formerly UNDRO), has published a trilingual glossary of disaster management terminology. This publication is the result of the need for institutions, agencies and individuals to be able to communicate quickly and to minimize the chance of misunderstanding in disaster response activities. The glossary presents a concise definition of the most commonly used disaster preparedness, response, mitigation and prevention terminology in English, Spanish and French. For information on ordering a copy write UN DHA-Geneva, Palais des Nations, CH-1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland; fax: (41-22) 917-0023.
Quarterly Newsletter on Disaster Mitigation in Hospitals
A major component of disaster mitigation in the health sector is that of assessing structural and nonstructural vulnerability in hospitals. To keep hospital administrators, engineers, and architects aware of technical advances in this field, and the experiences of other countries in the assessment process the PAHO Emergency Preparedness Program in Quito is preparing the first issue of a newsletter devoted to reducing the physical and functional vulnerability of hospitals. The editor welcomes your contributions. To submit articles or to receive copies of the newsletter please write: Oficina de Desastres, c/o Representante de la OPS/OMS en Ecuador, Apartado Postal 17-07-8982, Quito, Ecuador; fax (593-2) 46-46-30.
Bibliography on Disasters Available
Volume 3 of Desindex, the bibliography of disaster material available from PAHO's Disaster Documentation Center, has just been published. The main listings are cross-indexed by topic and author, and it is an essential resource for university and institution libraries.
Also new from the Center is a biblio-des on volcanoes. This is the seventh in a series of selected bibliographies, extracted from Desindex. Other biblio-des issues focus on earthquakes, environmental health, health effects of disasters, technological disasters, education and disasters, and mental health. To order, please write: Centro de Documentación de Desastres, c/o OPS, Apartado Postal 3745, San Jose 1000, Costa Rica; fax: (506) 31-49-33.
New Series on Hospital Disaster Mitigation
In the last 20 years more than 100 health facilities serving an estimated population of 10 to 12 million people in the Region of the Americas have been affected by earthquakes. One-fifth of these structures either collapsed - with catastrophic results - or had to be demolished as a result of the damage. Mitigating the effects of such sudden impact disasters in the design, construction, and repair of hospitals is the topic of a new four-volume series, Mitigación de Desastres en las Instalaciones de la Salud: Evaluación y Reducción de la Vulnerabilidad Física y Estructural, published by PAHO.
The series is aimed at four different audiences. The first volume, Aspectos Generales is a general introduction to the issues of vulnerability and risk mitigation in health facilities. The second volume, Aspectos Administrativos de Salud, repeats many of these general concerns and includes chapters on hospital emergency plans and training, issues of particular interest to health administrators. Volumes 3 and 4 (Aspectos de Arquitectura and Aspectos de Ingeniería) were written for architects and engineers who are familiar with structural analysis and design, and include technical considerations related specifically to hospitals that may not appear in standard references. While the effect of seismic events on structures is the main focus of the series, recommendations for mitigating these effects can be extrapolated to other sudden impact events as well.
The English series will be published in October. Copies in Spanish
can be ordered from the Centro de Documentación de Desastres, c/o OPS, Apartado
3745, San Jose 1000, Costa