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close this bookEmergency Sanitation: Assessment and Programme Design (WEDC, 2002, 358 p.)
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Open this folder and view contentsCase study: Kala Refugee Camp, Luapula Province, Zambia
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Glossary of terms

Desludge:

to empty the contents of a latrine pit or septic tank

Closed setting:

affected site has clear boundaries and population figures are known (e.g. refugee camp)

Epidemic:

the appearance of a particular disease in a large number of people in the same period of time

Faecal-oral:

disease transmission from faeces to the human digestive system via the mouth

Gender:

the physical and/or social condition of being male or female

Infiltration:

the absorption of liquid by material, for example when


water is absorbed by the ground

Landfilling:

the disposal of solid waste by excavating a hole in the ground, filling this with waste and then covering with soil to fill the hole

Latrine:

a toilet, especially a simple one such as a hole in the ground

Logistics:

the careful organisation of procurement, transportation, storage and distribution of materials and equipment

Morbidity:

the number of cases of a particular disease reported within a particular society and within a particular period of time

Mortality:

the number of deaths within a particular society and within a particular period of time

Open defecation:

to defecate outside a latrine, normally in a natural environment

Open setting:

affected site has no clear boundaries such as a normal urban or rural area

Sludge accumulation:

the build up in volume of excreta, normally within a latrine pit or septic tank

Socio-cultural:

relating to the social and cultural practices, beliefs and traditions within a particular society

Stakeholder:

a person or group of people who have a share or a personal or financial involvement in a programme

Superstructure:

the part of a building which is above the ground

Sustainability:

the ability of something (e.g. activity, facility or system) to keep operating effectively without negative impact

Vector:

an insect or animal which carries a disease from one animal or plant to another (particularly humans)

Wastewater:

'dirty' water arising from laundry areas, kitchens, bathrooms, etc.