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close this bookCiudades en Peligro - Ciudades más Seguras... antes de un Desastre (IDNDR-DIRDN, 1996)
close this folderParte III: ¿Hacia dónde nos encaminamos?
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View the documentCiudades más seguras ... antes de un desastre
View the documentUrbanización y desastres: direcciones útiles
View the documentBibliografía (Parte I y parte III)
View the documentDatos básicos sobre el Decenio Internacional para la Reducción de los Desastres Naturales

Bibliografía (Parte I y parte III)

(La bibliografía y los contactos de la parte I1 aparecen al final de cada caso)

Parte I: Por que abordamos los desastres en las ciudades Fuente de la nota:

1. Havlick, Spencer W., "Third World Cities at Risk, Building for Calamity", in: Environment, Vol. 28, Number 9, November, 1986.

2. Fischer, Henry, W., "What emergency management officials should know about the media to enhance mitigation & effective disaster response", in: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference 'Local Authorities confronting Disasters and Emergencies', 22-24 April, 1996.

Un vistazo a los peligros naturales y a sus incidencias urbanas

Información abtenida de las siguientes fuentes:

Alexander, David, Natural Disasters, UCL Press, London, 1993.

DHA/UNDP Disaster Management Training Programme, An Overview of Disaster Management, 2nd edition, 1992.

Dolan, Chris, Hazard-Wise: Classroom Resources for Teachers on Natural Hazards and Disasters, Emergency Management Australia, 1995.

Domeisen, Natalie, Learning About Natural Disasters, IDNDR Secretariat, Stop Disasters Special Issue, 1995.

ICE (Institution of Civil Engineers), Megacities, reducing vulnerability to natural disasters, Thomas Telford Publications, London, 1995.

Wijkman, Anders and Timberlake Lloyd, Natural Disasters: Acts of God or Acts of Man?, London, Earthscan, 1984.

Una rápida urbanización aumenta el riesgo de desastres

Fuentes de las notes:

1. Masure, Philippe, "Risk Management and Preventive Planning in Mega-Cities: A Scientific Approach for Action", in: Regional Development Dialogue (RDD), vol. 15, No. 2, Autumn 1994.

2. UNCHS, Global Report on Human Settlements 1996, Oxford University Press, 1996.

3. UNFPA, The State of the World Population 1993, United Nations Populations Fund, 1993.

4. UNCHS, Global Report on Human Settlements 1996, Oxford University Press, 1996.

5. Linden, Eugene, "The Exploding Cities of the Developing World", in: Foreign Affairs, Jan/Feb, 1996.

6. UNFPA, The State of the World Population 1993, United Nations Populations Fund, 1993.

7. Ibid.

8. UNCHS, Global Report on Human Settlements 1996, Oxford University Press, 1996.

9. Masure, Philippe 'Risk Management and Preventive Planning in Mega-Cities: A Scientific Approach for Action', in Regional Development Dialogue (RDD), vol. 15, No.2, Autumn 1994.

10. Annual Report. Munich Reinsurance, 1993.

11. Blaikie, P., Cannon, T., Davis, I. and Wisner, B., At Risk: Natural Hazards, Peoples Vulnerability, and Disasters. Routledge, London, 1994.

12. OAS, Primer on Natural Hazard Management in Integrated Regional Development Planning Department of Regional Development and Environment, OAS, Washington, D.C., 1990.

13. Cruz, A. M. F., Vulnerability Study, Seismic Risk and Reinforcement of Hospitals in Costa Rica, Paper presented at the International Conference on Disaster Mitigation in Health Facilities, Mexico City, 26-28 February 1996.

¿Qué es lo que trace a las ciudades vulnerables?

Información obtenida de las siguientes fuentes:

Blaikie, P., Cannon, T., Davis, I. and Wisner, B., At Risk: Natural Hazards, Peoples Vulnerability, and Disasters. Routledge, London, 1994.

ICE (Institution of Civil Engineers), Megacities: reducing vulnerability to natural disasters, Thomas Thelford Publications, London, 1995.

Vroljiks L. and E. Palm, Disaster Reduction in Urban Areas, Policy paper by the Secretariat of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, November 1995.

Pan-American Health Organization/WHO, A World Safe from Natural Disasters - The Journey of Latin American and the Caribbean, 1994.

World Bank, Environmental Management and Urban Vulnerability, World Bank Discussion Papers No.168, Alcira Kreimer and Mohan Munasinghe (ed.), Washington, D. C., 1 992.

UNCRD/UNDDSMS, The Effects of Disasters on Modern Societies, World Conference on Natural Disaster Reduction, Yokohama, Proceedings of the Technical Committee Session C, 1994.

Cómo afectan los desastres a los centros urbanos, pequeños y grandes

Fuentes de las notas:

1. Population statistics are indicative only. Sources include Geneva-based diplomatic consulates, United Nations Population Fund and The State of World Population 1993.

2. Statistics for specific disasters were drawn from:

OFDA, Disaster History, Significant Data on Major Disasters Worldwide, 1900-present, Washington, D.C., June 1995.

Munich Re, Topics. Natural Catastrophes, Annual review Of natural catastrophes 1994.

World Bank, Environmental Management and Urban Vulnerability, World Bank Discussion Papers No.168, Alcira Kreimer and Mohan Munasinghe (ed.), Washington, D.C., 1992.

Los más pobres son los más vulnerables

Fuentes de las notas:

1. ICE, (Institution of Civil Engineers) Megacities: Reducing Vulnerability to Natural Disaster, Institution of Civil Engineers, Thomas Telford Services Ltd. 1995.

2. Spencer Havlick, "Building for Calamity", in: Environment, Vol.28, November 1986.

3. Blaikie, P., Cannon, T., Davis, I. and Wisner, B., At Risk: Natural Hazards, Peoples Vulnerability, and Disasters. Routledge, London, 1994.

4. de Perez, Maria Olga, based on a study by the University of San Carlos, Guatemala.

5. Comparative analysis provided by H. Molin Valdes, IDNDR Regional Officer, on the basis of interviews in Guatemala City in 1995 and 1996.

Desastres naturales/tecnológicos: algunos planes para afrontar la creciente amenaza

Fuentes de las notas:

1. Wijkman, Anders and Timberlake Lloyd, Natural Disasters: Acts of God or Acts of Man?, London, Earthscan, 1984.

2. Quarantelli, E.L., "Projecting disasters in the 21st Century from present trends", in: Proceedings from the 2nd International Conference 'Local Authorities confronting Disasters and Emergencies, Amsterdam 22-24 April, 1996.

3. Selvaduray, Guna, Corporate Earthquake Programs - Differences and Similarities between the USA and Japan, Paper presented at the First U.S. Japan Conference on Corporate Earthquake Programs, Sept. 24-26, 1991.

4. Silva, Christie, "Development-Promoted Technological Hazards to the Environment", in: Stop Disasters, Number 27,1/1996.

5. Quarantelli, E.L., "Projecting disasters in the 21st Century from present trends", in: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference 'Local Authorities confronting Disasters and Emergencies', 22-24 April, 1996.

Parte III: Hacia dónde nos encaminamos

Políticas para ciudades más seguras
Información obtenida de las siguientes fuentes:

IDNDR Secretariat, Disaster Reduction in Urban Areas, Policy paper by the Secretariat of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR), November 1995.

Comments on IDNDR Secretariat Policy paper, by Mustafa Erdik, member of the IDNDR Scientific and Technical Committee, Professor and Chairman, Department of Earthquake Engineering, Bogazici University, Kandilly Observatory, Istanbul, August 1995.

General conclusions from the Workshop 'Towards a city for life - Latin America, the Caribbean and Habitat II', Quito 14-16 November 1995.

ICE (Institution of Civil Engineers); Megacities: Reducing Vulnerability to Natural Disaster, Institution of Civil Engineers, Thomas Telford Services Ltd. 1995.

First Latin American Conference 'Local Authorities confronting Disasters and Emergencies', Santiago Declaration, Santiago, Chile, April 1996.

Colaboradores

Idea original y redacción: Natalie Domeisen
Asesoramiento técnico/investigación: Elina Palm
Dirección artística, diseño: Marilyn Langfeld
Ilustraciones: Janet Petitpierre
Principal asesor técnico: Luc Vrolijks
Asesor regional (Latinoamérica y Caribe): Helena Molín Valdés
Ayudante de investigación: Rekha Gupta
Gestión del patrocinio de la Agencia Contrasto: Armando Mauro
Selección de fotos: Elina Palm, Natalie Domeisen
Selección de fotos a cargo de la Agencia Contrasto: Barbara Barattolo
Coordinación de las actividades: Armando Mauro
Promoción: Natalle Domeisen, Elina Palm
Traductor: Miguel A. Alvarez Rodríguez
Composición de textos: Diana Duilio

· Los colaboradores de cada caso específico se pueden encontrar en la parte II.

· Un agradecimiento especial a todo el equipo de profesionales de la Secretaría del DIRDN por su ayuda inestimable en la revisión de documentos y en proporcionarnos toda clase de informaciones, contactos, bibliografía y ayuda administrativa, y especialmente a los colegas del Departamento de Asuntos Humanitarios de la ONU: Nikolai Solomatin, Dusan Zupka, Masayo Kondo, John Tomblín (División para la mitigación de desastres); Ricardo Mena (Asesor regional del DHA); Maria Keating (División de ayuda interagencias).

· Agradecemos también la concesión de otras informaciones y/o materiales provenientes de diferentes organizaciones socias del DIRDN. Las direcciones de estas fuentes se pueden encontrar en la primera sección de esta publicación.

Supplemento al numero 28 di STOP DISASTERS (11/96). Direttore responsabile: Raffaele Corsica

Registrazione Tribunale di Napoli n. 4801 del 11/09/96