|The Red Cross Wound Classification (ICRC, 1997, 16 p.)|
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) was founded in 1863; it promoted the Geneva Conventions which have been signed by 165 countries. These conventions protect victims of war, be they wounded, shipwrecked, prisoners of war or civilians. Furthermore, they protect the hospitals and the medical staff who care for the sick and wounded. Within the framework of these conventions, the mandate of the ICRC is to take action and propose humanitarian initiatives in armed conflict. Bringing surgical care to victims of war, whether combatant or civilian, where there is little or no medical infrastructure is an increasing part of the ICRC's activities.
Over the last 10 years, enormous experience has been gained in the surgical management of victims of war. The Medical Division of the ICRC is endeavoring to retrieve this experience; part of this retrieval takes the form of the Red Cross classification of wounds.
The Medical Division of the ICRC hopes to benefit the victims of war by passing on its experience to others who have to manage war wounds.
Dr. Remi Russbach,
ICRC Chief Medical Officer