|Declaration of Cooperation - Mental Health of Refugees, Displaced and Other Populations Affected by Conflict and Post-Conflict Situations (WHO - OMS, 2001, 12 p.)|
Article 13. In full respect of the best interest of children and adolescents, and the Convention of the Rights of the Child, and other internationally recognised conventions and instruments, and because conflict, forced displacement, family and social disruptions are serious dangers to their psychosocial development and well-being, mental health support should be an integral part of their protection, health care and education. Female children face the risks of both children and women. Enrolment of children in military or paramilitary forces must be forbidden. Demobilised child soldiers should receive equal care as other children, although initially they might require special rehabilitation programmes.
Article 14. Early family reunion, access to communication with absent family members, support of foster families, and care by peer groups should be implemented from the emergency phase through repatriation as a matter of priority. Furthermore, personnel providing mental health care, education, social welfare, recreational, cultural, sports and other activities should centre their efforts on:
· physical, mental, and social well-being of children;
· prevention of institutionalisation;
· promoting respect for human rights;
· fostering abilities to cope and resilience;
· attending to the special needs of families with children as heads of household;
· prevention of violence against and among children and adolescents;
· prevention of delinquency and other anti-social behaviour; prevention of substance abuse;
· prevention of sexual violence and exploitation;
· prevention of family and school drop-outs;
· prevention of harmful and exploitative labour;
· organization of cultural, creative and recreational activities;
· introduction of mental health and psychosocial activities for children in educational and other settings
· introduction of conflict resolution activities.