|Food and Nutrition Needs in Emergencies (WHO - OMS, 55 p.)|
UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP and WHO have jointly developed these guidelines as a practical tool for assessing, estimating and monitoring the food and nutrition needs of populations in emergencies.
Major food shortages can be a primary feature of an emergency, as in droughts or floods that lead to famine, or they may be a consequence of war, economic disaster, or population displacement. The often serious protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies that inevitably follow such shortages add greatly to the burden of disease and mortality, slow - or even impede altogether - socioeconomic recovery, and make intense additional demands on scarce resources.
The guidelines are aimed at field staff involved in planning and delivering a basic general food ration for emergency-affected populations. Their overall aim is to promote timely, coordinated and effective action through improved understanding of food and nutrition needs during emergencies.
Graeme A. Clugston
Director, Nutrition for Health and Development
World Health Organization