Declaration of Sovereignty by the General Assembly of the Chilcotin Nation
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                 C H I L C O T I N   N A T I O N


          From the Fraser River to the Coastal Mountains and from 
the territory of the Lillouet to the territory of the Carrier 
Nations is Chilcotin country. The heart of our country is the 
Chilcotin River and its tributary lakes and streams. This has 
been the territory of the Chilcotin Nation for longer than any 
man can say and it will always be our country; the outlying parts 
we have always shared with our neighbours -- Nuxalk, Kwakiutl, 
Lillouet, Carrier and Shuswap -- but the heartland belongs to 
none but the Chilcotin. 

          Our mountains and valleys, lakes, rivers and creeks all 
carry names given to them by the Chilcotin people: Anahim, Niut 
and Itcha, Chilko, Taseko and Chilanko, Tatla, Nemiah and Toosey. 
Our territory is that which is named in our language. All living 
things in our country -- animals, birds, insects, amphibians, 
reptiles, worms and flies, fish, trees, shrubs, flowers and other 
plants also bear the names given to them in the language of the 

          The Chilcotin are part of the greater nation of the 
Deni whose language is spoken in territories that extend from 
Hudson's Bay to Alaska and Asia, from the northernmost forests to 
the equator. The Apache and Navajo are Deni. The Sekani, Tahltan, 
Kutchin, Nahani, Kaska, Sarcee and Chipewyan are Deni. So are the 
Carrier, the Hare, the Dogrib, the Yellowknife, the Salvey and 
the Beaver people. The Deni Nation is vast and we are part of it. 
We are the Chilcotin. 

          The first white men to enter our country did so only 
with our permission and when we told them to leave they left. 
When men settled in our country without permission, we drove them 

          When the Queen of England extended to our nation the 
protection of her law, by including our territory in the colony 
of British Columbia in 1858, she did so without our knowledge or 

          When the colony joined the Dominion of Canada in 1871 
it was done without our knowledge or consent. 

          Since that time, whilst our people were suffering from 
the effects of European diseases, our country has been invaded 
and despoiled. Our people have been deceived, impoverished, 
oppressed, exploited, imprisoned and maligned. Our sovereignty 
has been encroached upon and our jurisdiction ignored. Yet we 
have survived and once again we thrive. 

          We are the Chilcotin and we declare to all men and 
women that we are an independent nation, proud and free. 

          We accuse the government of the United Kingdom of 
breach of trust. 

          We accuse the government of Canada of invading the 
territories and jurisdiction of a neutral state whose sovereignty 
it is bound, by its own laws, to defend and protect. 

          We accuse the government of the province of British 
Columbia of invading our territories and plundering our resources 
in clear violation of its own laws and ours. 

          We accuse all three governments of conspiring to invade 
our nation; of conspiring to destroy the foundations of our 
ancient way of life and to oppress our people; of crimes against 
land, air and waters over which they have no jurisdiction; of 
permitting the slaughter of the native wild-life; of encouraging 
or ignoring the over-harvesting of our forests, lakes, rivers and 
mountains and the destruction of our natural gardens and 
orchards. We accuse these governments of repeated and shameless 
violation of their own laws and of international agreements and 

          The Chilcotin Nation affirms, asserts, and strives to 
exercise full control over our traditional territories and over 
the government within our lands. 

          Our jurisdiction to govern our territory and our people 
is conferred upon us by the Creator, to govern and maintain and 
protect the traditional territory in accordance with natural law 
for the benefit of all living things existing on our land, for 
this generation and for those yet unborn. 

          We have been the victims of colonization by Britain, 
Canada and the province of British columbia. We insist upon our 
right to decolonize and drive those governments from our land. 

          We have often declared our willingness to negotiate 
terms of union with Canada. We repeat that offer now. We make 
only one condition: 

          The process for negotiation and the final settlement 
must carry the Consent of the Chilcotin Nations. 

          We have asked the United Nations to supervise 
discussions between the Indian Nations and Canada to assist us in 
our decolonization. We feel that international assistance is 
necessary because Canada has stolen our lands and continues to 
have an interest in maintaining control over them. It is 
difficult to ask a thief to sit in judgement of his theft. 

          Should the negotiations prove fruitful, they will 
define the terms and conditions of the union of the Chilcotin 
Nation with Canada. However, if Canada again refuses to negotiate 
or chooses to bring unacceptable conditions to the negotiations, 
the Chilcotin Nation will consider itself free to pursue whatever 
course of action it may decide upon. That will no doubt include 
the assumption of our rightful place in the United Nations' 
Organisation and other international groups, either as an 
individual nation or as a constituent member of a federation or 
alliance of nation-states. 

                     "NON-STATUS" CHILCOTINS 
          To all those people who know themselves to be Chilcotin 
ut who have been denied recognition by Canada the Chilcotin 
Nation declares that they will be granted Chilcotin citizenship 
and that hey should inform their local band (or regional) office 
of their desire to be so recognized. 

                         INDIAN RESERVES 
          The Chilcotin Nation declares that the reserves estab-
lished by Canada and British Columbia for the use and benefit of 
"Indian Bands" in the Chilcotin are inadequate and illegal, 
having never been approved nor consented to by the Chilcotin 
people. The Chilcotin Nation declares that all so-called Crown 
Land within Chilcotin traditional territory is forthwith reserved 
for and owned by the Chilcotin Nation. 

          To the governments of the Crown, the Chilcotin Nation 
declares that they should henceforward honour their trust and 
obey the Royal Proclamation of 1763 as the supreme law in their 
relations with us. 

          Especially, to the government of the province of 
British Columbia the Chilcotin Nation declares that it should 
henceforward cease and desist its lawless plunder of the 
resources of our country. 

          The Chilcotin Nation declares that on (a date to be 
set) the laws enacted by Canada and British Columbia will have no 
force or effect in the Chilcotin country and that the laws of the 
Chilcotin Nation will prevail. Before that date, all holders of 
licenses, permits, deeds and other documents issued by those 
governments must seek the permission of the Chilcotin Nation to 
continue the operation of their interests following that date. 
They can do so at the following locations on Tuesdays, Wednesdays 
and Thursdays between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. until 
(a date to be set): the band (or Chilcotin Regional) offices at 
Anaham, Alexandria, Nemiah Valley, Redstone, Stone and Toosey 
(and else-where?) 

          The Chilcotin Nation requests the recognition of all 
nations of the Earth, the understanding of the people of Canada, 
the trust and goodwill of the people of British Columbia and the 
active co-operation of all indigenous peoples. 

          To those people who have settled amongst us in out 
country the Chilcotin Nation declares that we bear no enmity 
towards you, as long as you respect us: it is the policies and 
practices of the governments, the courts and the churches of 
Canada that have done us so much harm and that must now change. 
We do not blame you; we ask you to understand that change must 
now take place and we invite you to assist us to the best of your 
ability. We invite you to work with us to make the Chilcotin a 
better place for all our children. We govern according to 
principles of consent. We ask you to understand that what we are 
saying is not unique or peculiar to the Chilcotins: it is 
happening throughout the Americas. The period or era of 
colonization and neo-colonialism is passing; the Fourth World is 

   __________________________      __________________________
   Chief - Anaham Indian Band      Chief - Alexis Creek 
                                           Indian Band

   __________________________      __________________________
   Chief - Nemiah Valley           Chief - Stone Indian Band
           Indian Band

   __________________________      __________________________
   Chief - Toosey Indian Band      Chief - Alexandria Indian

                           May 2, 1984

                                 Date dated December 10th, 1983.

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