Background and List of Objectives - 1994 Pacific Northwest Treaty
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DOCUMENT: NWPACBAK.TXT


                  BACKGROUND AND LIST OF OBJECTIVES - 
                       PACIFIC NORTHWEST TREATY
     
     
                 WHAT IS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST TREATY?

     
     PURPOSE:

     This is YOUR treaty!  It brings together indigenous 
     governments in a cooperative effort to protect our natural 
     resources and environment, our economies and sovereignty.  
     It is a sacred commitment to "re-establish political, social 
     and economic relations, and cooperative control of natural 
     resources essential to the cultural, spiritual and religious 
     rights of our peoples." 

     
     HISTORY OF THE TREATY:

     During the 1988/89 Pacific Salmon Commission negotiations 
     Tribes and First Nations met to discuss working together.  
     From these discussions came a commitment to develop a 
     resolution of understanding between these indigenous 
     nations.  The resolution of understanding recognized the 
     Tribes and First Nations north and south of the Canadian/ 
     U.S. border as sovereigns.  It acknowledged them as 
     protectors of natural resources with shared conservation and 
     management responsibilities.  Further pursuit of increased 
     communication and mutual support led to the development of 
     the Pacific Northwest Treaty, which was signed by dozens of 
     Tribes and First Nations in ceremonies conducted at the 
     Squamish Nation on September 30, 1994.  In a follow up 
     meeting conducted by the Pacific Northwest Treaty Steering 
     Committee, held during negotiations of the Pacific Salmon 
     Commission in Vancouver, B.C. in November of 1994, it was 
     determined that a "Vision Conference" should be held to 
     enable the participating nations to collectively 
     "brainstorm" the implementation specifies of the Treaty. 

     
     THE FUTURE:

     It is clear to all participants that if this Treaty is to 
     work, if it is to be meaningful to the future of our people, 
     the work on it must continue.  It cannot be ignored like the 
     treaties that Europeans signed with the tribes.  We must 
     know that our word is our bond, and that the strength of 
     each of our nations is based on the strength of the others. 

     There is interest in this Treaty beyond the Pacific 
     Northwest.  One of the original signers was a representative 
     of the aboriginee people in Australia.  Native Hawaiians 
     have expressed interest in signing, and word has been 
     received of similar interest on the part of indigenous 
     people from still other states and nations, as well.  Will 
     the Treaty extend to them or not?  The answer to this 
     question is up to you, the representatives of the Tribes and 
     First Nations. 

     In fact, the entire future of this Treaty is in your hands.  
     During this Vision Conference, we must focus on such 
     questions as: 

          *  What do the words of the Pacific Northwest Treaty 
             mean to us all? 

          *  What do the principles, common objectives and mutual 
             covenants of this Treaty among indigenous peoples 
             truly mean? 

          *  How do these commitments translate to action and 
             have meaningful ongoing impact on the future of our 
             people? 

          *  Where do we go from here? 

     
     NOTES:   

     If your Tribe or Nation has not yet signed the Treaty, and 
     wishes to do so, you will have an opportunity to sign on 
     Wednesday morning. 

     A special half day workshop on "hot" issues in natural 
     resource management will be held here following lunch 
     Wednesday. This will be your opportunity to discuss such 
     issues, ask questions and make statements regarding them. 


     
                         PACIFIC NORTHWEST TREATY 
                        STEERING COMMITTEE MEMBERS


                         UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 

     Ron Allen                              S'Klallam Tribe
     Co-Chair                               Telephone: (206) 683-1109
                                            Fax:       (206) 683-4366
     
     Kathryn Brigham                        Columbia River Inter-
     Carol Craig                            Tribal Fish Commission
                                            Telephone: (503) 238-0667
                                            Fax:       (503) 2354228
     
     Steve Robinson                         Northwest Indians  
     Jim Anderson                           Fisheries Commission
                                            Telephone: (360) 438-1180
                                            Fax:       (360) 753-8659


                                  CANADA

     Gibby Jacob                            Squamish Nation
     Co-Chair                               Telephone: (604) 980-4553
                                            Fax:       (604) 980-9601
     
     Beryl Harris                           British Columbia Aboriginal
     Simon Lucas                            Fisheries Commission
     Ken Malloway                           Telephone: (604) 990-9939
                                            Fax:       (604) 990-9949

     Trudi Harris                           British Columbia Regional
                                            Vice-Chief's Office
                                            Telephone: (604) 990-9939
                                            Fax:       (604) 990-9949



                       PACIFIC NORTHWEST TREATY  
                VISIONS CONFERENCE ON MAY 30 & 31, 1995 
                          LIST OF OBJECTIVES  


     TREATY
       
     *  Promote and encourage more Indigenous Nations to sign the 
        Treaty 

     *  Commitment to the Treaty 

     *  Understand the vision and purpose of the treaty as it 
        applies to all Indian Nations 

     *  Preserve the energy and momentum of the Treaty 

     *  Keep focused on the big picture of the Treaty's purpose 

     *  Use the Treaty as the vehicle to re-focus our priorities 
        and care for each other's needs. 


     IMPACTS  

     *  Understanding of the impact of the non-Indian lifestyles 
        and values on the Indian communities  

     *  Remain conscious that the anti-Indian mentality is still 
        very strong throughout the world, and within the 
        political systems.  


     EDUCATION  

     *  Teach the non-Indian society what the Indian knows 
        instinctively about nature  

     *  Education and enlightenment of the Indian way of life and 
        values  

     *  Improve the Indian leaders' knowledge and understanding 
        of the non-Indian views and objectives 


     VISION 

     *  Urge delegation to unite and visualize Indigenous people 
        as one 

     *  Understand the individual as well as the collective 
        concerns, needs, and situations 

     *  Strengthen the government standing both within and across 
        international boarders 

     *  Bridging indigenous nations and strengthening our 
        collective power 


     CULTURAL & TRADITIONS  

     *  Share histories, culture and traditions  

     *  Clear consciousness of purpose and responsibilities for 
        our communities and their welfare  


     ENVIRONMENT & FISHING RIGHTS 

     *  Protect natural resources: fisheries, water, habitat 

     *  Restore rightful role as managers of the resource 

     *  Sharing natural resource and management techniques, 
        skills and knowledge 

     *  Responsibilities of stewardship of natural resources as 
        delegated by the Great Spirit 

     *  Restore and preserve the fishing and hunting rights of 
        indigenous people 


     LAND RIGHTS 

     *  Seeking restoration of traditional lands and jurisdictions  

     
     SOVEREIGNTY & INHERENT RIGHTS 

     *  Native Hawaiian Nations seeking support from Northwest 
        Nations to re-establish their sovereign status and land 
        base 

     *  Empowerment of sovereign Rights and Authorities 

     *  Preservation of our identity as unique indigenous people, 
        with special rights 

     *  Preservation of traditional and cultural rights and 
        practices 

     *  Strengthen the spiritual bond between the people and the 
        Nations 

     *  Preserve the future for our children 

     
     REQUEST 

     *  Australian Indigenous people requested participants to 
        sign flag representing unity  

     *  Consideration by the delegates to amend the constitution 
        to become Pacific and delete Northwest Restriction. Also, 
        modify terminology to include Indigenous people 


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