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close this bookAlternative Techniques - For Teaching about HIV/AIDS in the Classroom (Peace Corps, 1994, 205 pages)
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View the documentGuidelines, kindergarten - Primary school grade 4
View the documentSuggested responses to questions, kindergarten - Primary school grade 4
View the documentGuidelines for teachers primary school grade 5 - Secondary school grade 6
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Guidelines for teachers primary school grade 5 - Secondary school grade 6

The ABCs of STD's

Just Saying NO, Just Saying KNOW, and other Disease Prevention Strategies

Teachers, parents, school boards, temples, health care professionals, and communities through out the country are struggling to give consistent, sensitive and realistic messages to their students and young people about AIDS and other STD's prevention strategies.

Here are some suggestions form those in the trenches - the teachers.

It is advised that messages in the schools reflect a local determination of community values and needs.

The Practice of Abstinence (No Sex! No Drugs!) is the appropriate message most often stressed beginning around grade 5 and is reinforced throughout high school. Many educators feel it is the appropriate message for Primary School Grades 5 and 6, and some even for Secondary School Grades 1-2.

However in many communities, especially at the upper secondary school level (Grades 3-6) realistic messages including condoms may be justified. The appropriate message here may be Just Say Know.

One technique which has proven to be an effective technique to help students remember is:

The ABC's of STD's

A = Abstinence (No Sex! No Drugs!) - the most effective way to prevent STD's

B = Be Monogamous - refrain from sexual activity until as adults you are ready to establish a mutually faithful monogamous relationship, such as in marriage.

C = Condoms reduce but do not eliminate the risks of STD's for those who choose to put themselves at risk such as those who have sex outside of a mutually faithful monogamous relationship. (Optional response: To expect condoms to be 100% effective, would be stretching a good thing too far.)

Condoms for Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Preface: Condom education is a very controversial subject in many areas. However, due to the fatal nature of AIDS, some communities are now teaching condom education. It is suggested that the educator work with the community to deliver educational messages that are locally determined, consistent with community values and appropriate to community needs.

Introduction: Abstinence and sexual intercourse with one mutually faithful uninfected partner are the only totally effective prevention strategies. Proper use of condoms with each act of sexual intercourse can reduce, but not eliminate, risk of STD's. Individuals likely to become infected or known to be infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) should be aware that condom use cannot completely eliminate the risk of transmission to themselves or to others.

Guidelines adapted from: Educator's Guide to AIDS and other STD's by Stephen R. Sroka