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close this bookMigrants, Displaced People and Drug Abuse: A Public Health Challenge (International Center for Migration and Health - ICMH, 1998, 60 pages)
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentPROJECT LEADERS
View the documentSummary report
View the document1. Terms of reference
View the document2. Participating cities
View the document3. Project Leaders
View the document4. Local infrastructure (project teams)
View the document5. Establishment of local steering groups
View the document6. Regional Steering Group
View the document7. Scientific Advisory Group
View the document8. Site visits
close this folder9. Methodology
View the document9.1 Introduction
View the document9.2 Sample
close this folder9.3 Assessment instruments
View the document9.3.1 Quantitative instruments
View the document9.3.2 Qualitative instruments
View the document10. Local project administration
close this folder11. Outcomes
View the document(introductory text...)
View the document11.1 Focus Group results
close this folder11.2 KABP results
View the document(introductory text...)
View the document11.2.1 The total sample
View the document11.2.2 The Dutch sample
View the document11.2.3 The street sample
View the document11.2.4 Athens and Barcelona
View the document12. Minority group meeting
close this folder13. Summary
View the document(introductory text...)
View the document13.1 Public identification of migrant group vulnerability
View the document13.2 European network
View the document13.3 Preparation of a field-tested methodology
View the document13.4 Follow-up study
View the document14. Overall conclusions
View the documentANNEX 1
View the documentANNEX 2
View the documentANNEX 3
View the documentANNEX 4 - Selected Tables

9.2 Sample

An operational definition of migrants in the context of the project was prepared in collaboration with investigators and project leaders. The definition was designed to specifically include non-EC migrants and refugees.

A mix of sampling techniques were used in order to meet the data and information realities of the contexts in which the projects were being undertaken. The obvious shortcoming of this included potential lack of data comparability, and potential bias in any non-randomised samples. It was felt that these shortcomings would nevertheless be acceptable in light of the pilot nature of the project, and the fact that one of the purposes of the pilot project was to explore optional sampling techniques for any future use. The decision was also predicated on the fact that in some locations it was simply not possible to use migrant records for sampling because these do not exist, while in other situations accessing migrants for interviews had to be done using convenience samples and street techniques.

Random sampling of migrants using municipal statistics was done in Arnhem, while in Roubaix, Antwerp, Arhus and Rome it was more appropriate to recruit respondents using street samples. In general, migrant groups who are thought to be potentially at risk for drug abuse were contacted through street corner workers. No new data collection took place in Athens but an assessment of previously gathered data was carried out. In the case of Barcelona no new data collection was undertaken either but will be at a later stage.

Initial findings indicate that the cities included in the project have a broad range of "migrants" and the more significantly represented ones are referred to below. In Greece, the project involved Albanians; In Roubaix, Arnhem, and Antwerp second and third generation North Africans; in Arhus refugees from Somalia, the Middle East; and in Rome African or Asian refugees and migrants.

The cultural diversity of the migrants covered by the study has given the project an added value component which had not been anticipated, but which now provides a strong opportunity for inter-cultural comparison. The fact that a range of countries and backgrounds are reflected in the samples is also an opportunity for different health care responses to be considered in light of the contexts from which people have originated. It also provides an insight into the relative impact of uprooting, migration and resettlement on people from different backgrounds and vulnerability.