|Training Manual in Combatting Childhood Communicable Diseases Part I (Peace Corps, 1985, 579 pages)|
|Module 2: Primary health care|
TOTAL TIME: 2 hours
An awareness of how the Volunteer's duties are interlinked with the host country's overall health plans can help the Volunteer make better choices in carrying out the tasks included in their job assignments. In this session trainers, participants, host country and other agency representatives have an opportunity to clarify their expectations and understanding of their roles. Through short presentations and a panel discussion, the agency representatives present information and answer the questions developed in Session 6 concerning the PCV's role in the host country's efforts to accomplish their health goals.
· To clarify expectations about the role of the Volunteer in PHC. (Steps 2-4)
· To define the organization and priorities of the host country and international agencies. (Step 2)
· To determine where PCV duties link with and contribute to their host country's primary health care activities and plans. (Steps 4)
- The list of questions generated in Session 6 to address to the panel.
- Persons (Volunteers) with strong language capabilities to act as moderators and, if needed, as interpreters.
- Representatives of Host Country and International Agencies.
A comfortable meeting room for the panel discussion, newsprint and markers, any special materials such as audio-visual aids requested by the panelists.
This session will vary depending on the location of the training center (e.g., capital city vs. rural training site), and the availability of Ministry officials and representatives of international agencies. If the Trainees have just arrived in the country and have not been exposed to any cross-cultural or language training, this session should be scheduled for a later date.
Prior to the outset of the actual training course, the trainer or the country staff should contact representatives from several agencies, particularly the Ministry of Health and the Ministries under which the participants will be working, but also including WHO, UNICEF, USAID, and CDC. Invite representatives from host organizations (maximum five) to attend this session and lunch or refreshments immediately following. Provide the guests with:
- An agenda for this session (i.e., training objectives, sequence of speakers and topics)
Ask the official agency representatives to present a five - minute talk concerning the following suggested subjects:
- Official government health policy/plan
Invite the Peace Corps Country Director(s) and APCD for health to attend these presentations. Have the representatives arrive in time to look over the list of questions the participants would like them to address. Explain that these issues will be dealt with during the discussion following their presentations.
If no one in the training group has a command of the language, request a current Volunteer or a bilingual language instructor to act as an interpreter and moderator for this session and to translate the list of questions generated by the group.
Help the moderator prepare for his or her role prior to the
session. If primary health care is a sensitive issue in the host country,
discuss with the moderator hew to manage the open forum such that the climate is
appropriate and comfortable for all involved.
Step 1 (15 min)
Introduction of the Agency Representatives
Welcome and introduce each of the representatives. Have the moderator introduce the training group to the panelists, giving a brief profile of the general background of the participants. (This may be done on an individual basis if language is not a barrier and the group is not small.)
Step 2 (40-50 min)
Ask each representative to give his or her presentation.
Ideally, begin the presentations with the representative of the MOH followed by representatives of other ministries, WHO, UNICEF, USAID, CDC, and so forth.
Be sure that everyone is aware that there will be ample time for
questions following all the presentations.
Step 3 (35 min)
Questions and Answers
After the representatives have finished their presentations, ask the moderator to lead an open forum for questions and answers.
Ask the moderator to:
- Keep the pace moving and guard against any one panelist being called upon too little or too much;
Step 4 (20 min)
Have the moderator close the session by asking the participants and guests to reflect for a moment on the information gained from this session, Ask them to work together to develop a list of the three to five most important goals they would want to see these Peace Corps Volunteer's accomplish during their two year service. Afterwards, thank the representatives for attending this session and invite them to join the training group for lunch or for refreshments.
Taking into consideration the cultural norms and the constraints
of the training schedule , arrange a lunch, dinner, or at least simple
refreshments to follow the panel discussion. This informal time provides an
opportunity for more