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close this bookMigrants, Displaced People and Drug Abuse: A Public Health Challenge (International Center for Migration and Health - ICMH, 1998, 60 pages)
View the document(introductory text...)
View the documentPROJECT LEADERS
View the documentSummary report
View the document1. Terms of reference
View the document2. Participating cities
View the document3. Project Leaders
View the document4. Local infrastructure (project teams)
View the document5. Establishment of local steering groups
View the document6. Regional Steering Group
View the document7. Scientific Advisory Group
View the document8. Site visits
Open this folder and view contents9. Methodology
View the document10. Local project administration
Open this folder and view contents11. Outcomes
View the document12. Minority group meeting
Open this folder and view contents13. Summary
View the document14. Overall conclusions
View the documentANNEX 1
View the documentANNEX 2
View the documentANNEX 3
View the documentANNEX 4 - Selected Tables

Summary report

Contract Number SOC 96 201027

The goal of the project is to reduce the risk of drug abuse in migrant communities and among displaced people. It seeks to facilitate drug prevention by people in migrant and/or displaced communities themselves. The following cities participated in the project: Athens (GR), Antwerp (B), Arnhem (NL) Arhus (DK), Barcelona (E), Rome (I) and Roubaix (F). A mix of research approaches was taken in the pilot study involving both quantitative (KABP) and qualitative (Focus Groups) methods, that were developed or adapted specifically for this project.

The pilot study has highlighted a number of issues that now need to be taken up at greater length and in more detail. It has identified a number of key factors that appear to be contributing to the risk of drug abuse. It has also pointed to a number of issues which drug abuse prevention campaigns should address, and has begun to throw much needed light on the feasibility of community-based monitoring of drug abuse in migrant communities. Finally, it has paved the way for a series of recommendations for public health and social support policy.

Many of the migrants recruited into the pilot study appear to be in life-situations where they have been offered drugs at least on one occasion, and where almost half report they have used drugs. The findings indicate that drug abuse among migrants in the EU must be taken seriously, and prevention strategies should include the participation of migrants themselves if prevention is to be effective. The study has also identified potential avenues for intervention or strategic action. These include:

· national policies that include specific elements on drug abuse in migrants and refugees

· health promoting environments that seek to strengthen and support locally-based programmes for the prevention of drug abuse

· community health care that takes into account the cultural and psychosocial dynamics of health care service utilisation, and addresses specially vulnerable people such as women and adolescents, within migrant groups

· social welfare and criminal justice systems that out reach and become actively involved in community education and prevention of alcohol and other drug related deviance

· school-based interventions that introduce drug abuse prevention and early warning through the mechanism of normative education

· social marketing and media campaigns that are specifically tailored to the characteristics and needs of migrant cultures and communities.

· more assessment of national and EU level situations is called for, including the feasibility of creating a European-wide database on migrant drug abuse.