|Essays on Food, Hunger, Nutrition, Primary Health Care and Development (AVIVA, 280 pages)|
|5. Viewpoint - Ethics, Ideology and Nutrition|
Ideological values and duties are imprinted by the family, through education and by the social environment too. Therefore, most of the time, the ideology tends to be pro status quo (almost by definition, since the survival of that ideology would be otherwise at stake). Moderateness has a clear connection to the prevailing ideology and is the way in which the pursuit of material improvement and the non-material value-system are held together.6 Ideology is definitely not universally shared and is definitely bound more closely to our social class extraction.
Nutrition workers are, additionally. influenced by the experiences they have had in the different political systems in which they have operated.7 Cultural and ideological bias is, therefore, unavoidable. People tend to think of themselves as apolitical: but there simply is no such thing. Despite the fact that the spectrum of choices is a continuum, in the last instance, one either condescends to the system or one objects to it - totally or partially. Any of these are political stances.
Objection to the system is always the result of a conscious, voluntary effort to break with all or some aspects of the prevailing ideology. Going along with the prevailing ideology is less frequently a conscious, voluntary step; it is more often an unconscious conservative attitude.
Ideology has several meanings.8 Ideology as a 'content of thinking' and as an 'intellectual pattern' reflects the involuntary elements of ideology which we all have and probably keep for life; it's part of our indelible (class) heritage. It is ideology that channels our social behaviour in predictable directions. On the other hand, ideology as an 'integrated politico-social programme' is the result of a voluntary internationalization of the values of a given society, be it real or ideal.