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close this bookCauses and Mechanisms of Linear Growth Retardation (International Dietary Energy Consultative Group - IDECG, 1993, 216 pages)
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View the documentEuropean journal of clinical nutrition
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close this folderIntroduction: Causes and mechanisms of linear growth retardation (stunting)
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close this folderBetween-population variation in pre-adolescent growth
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View the document1. Classifying human populations
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View the document3. The validity of the concept of an international growth reference
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close this folderPrenatal influences on postnatal growth: Overview and pointers for needed research
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View the document1. Introduction and background
View the document2. Fetal growth
View the document3. Intrauterine growth retardation
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View the document6. Reference values for fetal growth
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close this folderLinear growth retardation in relation to the three phases of growth
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View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. The three phases of linear growth
View the document3. Measuring and monitoring linear growth in early life
View the document4. Growth faltering in linear growth
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close this folderReversibility of stunting: Epidemiological findings in children from developing countries
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View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. The timing of stunting
View the document3. Age at menarche
View the document4. Continued residence in the environment that gave rise to stunting
View the document5. Continued residence in the same environment with improvements in nutrition
View the document6. Relocation from the environment that gave rise to stunting
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close this folderIs complete catch-up possible for stunted malnourished children?
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View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. Duration of the insult
View the document3. What is the height potential?
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View the document5. Follow-up of malnourished children
View the document6. Change of environment
View the document7. Secondary malnutrition
View the document8. Slave studies
View the document9. Why do most subjects with post-natal stunting fail to catch up?
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close this folderRelationship of gain in height to gain in weight
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close this folderNutritional influences on linear growth: A general review
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View the document1. The role of individual nutrient deficiencies in linear growth faltering
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View the document3. Nutritional explanations of early linear growth faltering
View the document4. The impact of diarrhea, infections and parasites on growth
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close this folderOnset and evolution of stunting in infants and children. Examples from the Human Nutrition Collaborative Research Support Program. Kenya and Egypt studies
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View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. The Nutrition Collaborative Research Support Program
View the document3. Example of stunting: Kenya project
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close this folderEffects of macrobiotic diets on linear growth in infants and children until 10 years of age
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View the document1. Introduction
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View the document3. Conversion into nutrients
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View the document6. Recommendations for the macrobiotic diet
View the document7. Two-year follow-up study
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View the documentDiscussion of papers by Allen, Neumann & Harrison and Dagnelie et al.
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close this folderPsychosocial adversity and growth during infancy
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View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. Study design and methods
View the document3. Factors determining early and late faltering
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close this folderThe cell biology of bone growth
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View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. The structure and function of bone
View the document3. Skeletal morphogenesis and growth
View the document4. Structure of the growth plate
View the document5. Bone cells
View the document6. Models for the study of skeletal development
View the document7. Regulation of growth plate chondrocytes and bone cells
View the document8. Regulation and mechanisms of cytokine action
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close this folderHormonal regulation of longitudinal bone growth
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View the document2. The cellular organization of the epiphyseal growth-plate
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View the document4. The effect of nutrition on longitudinal bone growth
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View the documentDiscussion of papers by Price et al. and Nilsson et al.
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close this folderAdequacy of dietary mineral supply for human bone growth and mineralisation
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View the document1. Body content, biological role and childhood accretion rates
View the document2. Likely manifestations of mineral deficiencies in children
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close this folderThe mechanical factors which influence bone growth
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View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. Historical perspective
View the document3. Biomechanics
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View the document5. Lengthening
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close this folderInfluence of exercise on linear growth
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View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. Studies with weanling rats
View the document3. Studies with children recovering from malnutrition
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View the documentDiscussion of the papers by Golding and Torun & Viteri
close this folderThe effects of the inflammatory response on bone growth
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View the document1. Systemic changes in inflammation - The acute phase response
View the document2. Local changes in inflammation
View the document3. Mediators of local changes-eicosanoids
View the document4. Mediators of local changes - Cytokines
View the document5. Interleukin-1 (IL-1)
View the document6. Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)
View the document7. Interferon gamma (IFN?)
View the document8. Interactions of osteotropic influences
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close this folderBiochemical markers for assessing skeletal growth
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View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. Biosynthesis of fibrillar collagens
View the document3. Markers for bone and cartilage turnover
View the document4. Bone resorption markers
View the document5. Bone formation markers
View the document6. Future studies
View the document7. Concluding remarks
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close this folderSummary of causes and mechanisms of linear growth retardation
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View the documentSummary of research needs in the area of linear growth retardation
close this folderGuidelines for the study of mechanisms involved in the prevention or reversal of linear growth retardation in developing countries
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentBackground
View the documentThe design of research on stunting
View the documentApproaches to the study of stunting
View the documentSample size
View the documentPotential experimental models for clinical trials
View the documentExamples of useful measurements
View the documentEuropean journal of clinical nutrition - Directions to contributors

(introductory text...)

John C. Waterlow & Bent Schürch, Editors

International Dietary Energy Consultancy Group

Proceedings of an I/D/E/G/C Workshop held in London, U.K.

January 15-18, 1993

On behalf of the UN ACC-Subcommittee on Nutrition, the International Dietary Energy Consultancy Group (I/D/E/C/G) has been established for the study of dietary energy intake in relation to the health and welfare of individuals and societies by the United Nations University. Its specific objectives are:

1. The compilation and interpretation of research data on functional and other consequences of deficiency, change or excess of dietary energy.

2. The identification of related research needs and priorities, and the promotion of needed research.

3. The publication of scientific and policy statements and other information on the significance of chronic deficiencies and excesses of dietary energy.

4. The identification and promotion of appropriate and practical means of corrective action.

I/D/E/C/G Steering Committee:

- Dr. N.S. Scrimshaw, UNU, Chairman
- Dr. J.G.A.J. Hautvast, IUNS
- Dr. B. Schürch, Executive Secretary

I/D/E/C/G Advisory Group (1992/93)

One-year term:

- Dr. W.P.T. James, Aberdeen, Scotland, U.K.
- Dr. E. Pollitt, Davis, USA
- Dr. P. S. Shetty, Bangalore, India

Two-year term:

- Dr. E. Jéquier, Lausanne, Switzerland
- Dr. Jin Soon Ju, Seoul, Korea
- Dr. R. Uauy, Santiago, Chile

Three-year term:

- Dr. L. Allen, Storrs, USA
- Dr. A. Ferro-Luzzi, Rome, Italy
- Dr. R. Martorell, Ithaca, USA

The digitization of this publication was made possible by a grant from the Nestlé Foundation