|The Fight Against Antipersonnel Mines - Facts and Elements of a Normative Approach to the Decision Process (European Commission, 1997, 65 pages)|
|Section 3: Terms reference|
DEFINITION OF THE PROGRAM
The purpose of this program is to assess the impact of mine action on the safety and the social and economic well-being of the populations who have suffered from the presence of mines.
The best adapted methodology should combine surveys, inquiries and historical research. The reference terms proposed are as follows:
Art. 1: Surveys
The contracting party undertakes to use the «free interview» method, which consists in:
- selecting a representative sample out of the population, both on the basis of their origin (habitat) and of demography
This sample will be constituted using the standard methods used in opinion polls;
- preparing beforehand, in the form of «check-lists», the main lines of the interview so that the inquirer may collect as much information as possible in a standardized form;
- using a «closed-type» questionnaire in order to randomly verify some of the results of the free interviews.
Art. 2: Investigations
The contracting party will simultaneously organize investigations in the field in order to collect a maximum of information form diverse sources, enabling him to compare the living conditions before and after the mine clearing operations. Such information can be either objective and quantifiable or subjective and irrelevant. He will have to draw from them the most complete synthesis possible.
Art. 3: Historical investigations
The investigator will seek the social and economic data that could help describe the period preceding not only the "mine time" but also the wartime itself. A perfect knowledge of this historical situation will provide a reliable basis for all attempts to establish comparisons.
Art. 4: Synthesis
The final report should allow to establish a "population satisfaction ratio" based on elements that may be either quantifiable (economic resumption, refugee repatriation, decrease or even total cessation of accidents) or not (psychological aspects, social re-structuralization...).
Art. 5: The means
The contracting party will recruit within the country itself the greatest possible number of investigators by seeking bilingual students involved in this mission for a length of time compatible with the academic cycle. The total number of these local investigators must be in proportion to the number of interviews to be given within a limited period of time. They will be trained and supervised by a few expatriated practitioners (less than 5% of the total).
The contracting party will assume full responsibility for the logistics of the program, transportation, wages, educational material, plus all documents required for the investigations, in order not to stand as a burden for the country or its inhabitants... He will present a prospective budget that will be considered for approval on the basis of the overall cost of the mine clearing operation already subjected to the evaluation contract (as there must exist a direct relation between the respective extents of both programs).
Art. 6: Incompatibilities
The contracting party and the expatriated or local personnel participating in this program must not have participated in any way in the mine clearing operation being subjected to evaluation in the present contract.
The viability indicators in the present program are the following: the number of interviews given, the number of filled questionnaires, the number of local investigators enrolled.