|More with Less: AIDS for Disabled Persons in Daily Life (TOOL, 1993, 93 pages)|
A game of patience
Suitable for children who cannot pick up smooth round balls due to mobility problems. These triangular balls are easy to grab and let go because of their small size and loose filling. Use cloth in bright colours. Cut one square piece for the base and four triangular pieces for the sides and sew these together. Loosely fill the triangle with 100 grams of cheap rice, lentils or the like (sand will leak). Make several balls in different colours.
These puppets are especially suitable for spastic children who cannot or barely use their hands or feet. They can exercise their hands and feet while playing. The puppets are made from socks that are decorated with a face at the toe.
'Many-coloured balloons' is a game for infants. The pieces of this game can be picked up with a magnet because a staple has been punched into every piece. The balloons exactly fit into a board with holes. Paint each of the balloons in a different colour corresponding to the colours in the holes. Now put the right balloon in the right hole.
There are several ways to adapt puzzles for use by children with
motor disorders. If a child has difficulty picking up ordinary pieces,
screw-eyes or tiny knobs made of bamboo or cane can be fitted onto them.
Try to get the marble or bead into the hole. This is a good game for people with minor motor disorders. On the bottom of the box a picture has been pasted, with a hole in the place where an eye used to be. Changing the picture now and then makes the game more attractive.
As the word indicates, this is a game to play on one's own. The large-size game is suitable for people with a visual handicap or coordination problems. You start with 32 pegs in the holes. The hole in the centre is left empty. By moving one peg over the other, the peg is captured. You can only capture a peg horizontally or vertically. Take the captured peg out of game. The final goal is to have only one peg left.
If one does not have enough strength to hold a set of playing cards, or if one only has one hand, the cards can be placed in a holder. For example, in a stiff brush, or between two pieces of cardboard fixed together with a pin, or in a piece of wood with a groove along the length.
Dice are used in a lot of games. In a large-size version, they are suitable for people who have trouble handling small dice. The dice can be made from wood. The spots on the dice have been made hollow, so that people with a visual handicap can feel the number of spots and easily find the dice back after throwing. Round off the edges, otherwise it won't roll.
Instead of spots, tactile materials have been fixed to these dominoes. Pieces of cloth, bicycle tyre, pins and many other materials are suitable for adapting this game to blind people.
Blind people and those with bad eyes can recognise chess pieces because either the black or the white pieces have been marked. This can be done by hammering in a small nail, or by winding an elastic band around the pieces. To prevent a piece from falling over or slipping away, a peg is glued to the bottom of the chess piece that fits into the holes of the board. The fields can be made recognisable by elevating the fields of one colour with pieces of wood or pieces of inner tyre tube.
This draughts board is suitable for people with uncoordinated movements or a visual handicap. The draughtsmen are pierced in the middle. A small black or white stick is glued in the hole. This stick fits into the holes in the board, so that the pieces cannot slide away. The black sticks are longer than the white ones, so that a person can feel which colour he or she is holding. The different fields can be made recognisable by elevating the fields of one colour. A double draughtsman is formed by putting an extra pierced draughtsman on the stick.