How the Population Changes (FAO Population Education Leaders Guides)
 (introductory text...) Aims/objectives Activity no. 1 - More or less Activity no. 2 - Let's take a census of our group Activity no. 2 - Let's take a census of our group Activity no. 3 - Population investigative reporter

### Activity no. 1 - More or less

More or less

A game to illustrate the effects of births, deaths and migration on population size, and the concept of over-population.

HOW?

How?

• The leader draws two large circles on the ground and divides them into sections to represent population changes, then draws symbols to represent birth, death or migration in each section as in the drawings on page 11.
• The leader explains that the circles represent the community, one as it was many years ago and one as it is today and that the group will play a game to show how the population changes.
• The group members divide into two groups, one for each circle. Each member of the group in turn tosses five stones into the circle and records the population changes on a large sheet of paper prepared by the group leader.
• The groups then come back together and consider the population changes in the two circles.
• The leader then starts off a discussion about what is causing the rapid population growth of today, what we mean by over-population and what measures need to be taken to control it.

WHY?/ FOR WHAT?

So that the participants will be able to:

• Understand how births, deaths and migration combine to influence the size of the population and how fast it grows.
• See that over-population occurs when there are too many people for the available resources.

WITH WHAT?

WITH WHAT?

• The diagrams on page 11 to help in drawing the circles for the game. (Draw them with a stick or chalk on the ground.)
• Two large sheets of paper on which to record the population changes.
• Ten stones.
• The background information on the following pages.
• Group participation and interest.

Some background information for the group leader

PRESENT

PAST

Birth

Death

Migration

Sample tally sheet to-record population changes

Births_________________

Migration_______________

Deaths_________________

Total Population Increase_________