|Training Manual in Combatting Childhood Communicable Diseases Part I (Peace Corps, 1985, 579 pages)|
|Module 4: Health education|
|Session 23: Adult learning and nonformal education techniques|
- Decide on your objective for the discussion.
- Prepare same open questions you can ask to start the discussion.
- Collect the visual aids you will use to begin the discussion.
- Practice using the visual aids if this is necessary.
- Find out as much as you can about the participants.
- Look at the location where the discussion will take place.
- Arrange the seating to increase interaction.
Conduct the Discussion
- Start on time.
- Try to make the group feel at ease.
- State your general purpose of the discussion. (It is assumed the you have specific learning objectives and this techniques is appropriate.) Ask if it fits their needs.
- Ask participants what are their objectives and explain how they will be covered in the discussion.
- Introduce the topic clearly and concisely.
- Explain the discussion procedures and define its limits.
- Encourage participation by all members.
- Control the over-talkative member.
- Draw out the shy member.
- Don't allow one or more members to monopolize.
- Deal tactfully with irrelevant contributions.
- Avoid personal arguments.
- Keep the discussion moving.
- Keep the discussion on the subject.
- Summarize frequently.
- Use audio-visual aids if available.
- The best discussion is often one in which the trainer talks only about 20 percent of the time.
Summarize the Discussion
- Review the highlights of the discussion.
- Review the conclusions which have been reached.
- Make clear what has been accomplished by the discussion.
- Restate any minority viewpoint.
- Get agreement for any action proposed.
- Watch learners during the discussion to be sure that they remain interested, not bored and restless.
- Ask learners how well they think the objective of the discussion was accomplished.
- How well do you feel the objective of the discussion was met?
(Adapted from: Teaching and Learning with Visual Aids.)