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close this bookNutrition Learning Packages (WHO, 1989, 170 pages)
close this folderHow to use the Nutrition Learning Packages: A guide for trainers
close this folderProviding a good learning experience for trainees
View the document(introductory text...)
View the document1. Organizing the lessons or training sessions
Open this folder and view contents2. Choosing appropriate training methods
View the document3. Leading discussion
View the document4. Reinforcing learning
Open this folder and view contents5. Evaluating the trainees' learning
Open this folder and view contents6. Evaluating your performance as a trainer

3. Leading discussion

Discussing or talking together is another way of learning. The Nutrition Learning Packages have many examples of times when discussion can be used. Discussion helps trainees discover new ideas and attitudes.

When should you use discussion?

· To stimulate interest in a new idea.

· To help trainees recognize that they have things to learn from others in the group, as well as things to teach others.

· To help the group work together to solve a problem.

Why are discussions useful?

· People can hear, talk about and consider new ideas.
· A group can work together to find a solution to a problem common to them all.
· Trainees can make their ideas clearer to themselves and to others by saying them aloud.
· A trainer can learn about the ideas and feelings of trainees through discussion.

What is your role as trainer, in discussions?

· You play a quiet but important role in helping trainees discuss things.

· Although you may know the subject well, you should not force ideas on the group. Instead, you should encourage the trainees to talk.

· You should listen carefully, knowing that trainees will learn from example how to help discussion among people in the community.

How can you help a group discuss something?

· Guide the discussion and keep it going by asking questions.

· Ask questions that help the group:

(a) look at the problem.
(b) discover the causes of the problem.
(c) talk about possible solutions to the problem.
(d) choose the best solution.
(e) consider how to bring about the solution.

· Encourage quiet people to take part, and stop any one person from talking all the time. Do not talk all the time yourself.

· Keep the discussion on the topic as much as possibe.

· Allow people to express different ideas, but introduce facts and knowledge that help make the discussion clearer.

· Be aware of feelings in the group, and try to stop the discussion becoming too emotional or disturbing.

· Decide when it is no longer appropriate to discuss a certain issue in the group.

· Assure trainees that although learning to help or lead discussions takes time and practice, it is a useful skill that they will develop with practice in the community.