Food and Nutrition Bulletin Volume 17, Number 3, 1996 (UNU Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 1996, 104 pages)
Nutrition and behaviour
Effects of breakfast on classroom behaviour in rural Jamaican schoolchildren
Appendix: Definition of behaviours
Fuller B. Raising school quality in developing countries: what
investments boost learning. Education and Training Department Discussion Paper
EDT7. Washington, DC: Population and Human Resources Department, World Bank,
Pollitt E. Malnutrition and infection in the classroom. Paris:
Nokes C, Sandy DAP. Does helminth infection affect mental
processing and educational achievement? Parasitol Today 1994;10(1):4-8.
Simeon DT, Grantham-McGregor SM. Nutritional deficiencies and children's
behaviour and mental development. Nutr Res Rev 1990; 3:1-24.
B. School feeding programs in developing countries; an analysis of actual and
potential impact. Aid Evaluation Special Study No. 30. Washington, DC: US Agency
for International Development, 1986.
Powell CA, Grantham-McGregor 8,
Elston M. An evaluation of giving the Jamaican government school meal to a class
of children Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 1983;37C: 381 -8.
Meyers A, Sampson A,
Weitzman M, Rogers B. Kayne H. School breakfast program and school performance.
Am J Dis Child 1989;143:1234-9.
Agarwal DK, Agarwal KN, Upadhyay SK.
Effect of mid-day meal programme on physical growth and mental function. Ind J
Med Res 1989;90:163-74.
Soemantri AG, Pollitt E, Kim I. Iron deficiency
anemia and educational achievement. Am J Clin Nutr 1985;42: 1221 -8.
Pollitt E, Hathirat P. Kotchabhakdi NJ, Missell L, Valyasevi A. Iron
deficiency and educational achievement in Thailand. Am J Clin Nutr
Grantham-McGregor S. A review of studies of the effect
of severe malnutrition on mental development. J Nutr 1995;125:2233S-8S.
Pollitt E, Lewis NL, Garza C, Shulman R. Fasting and cognitive function. J
Psychiat Res 1983;17:164-74.
Simeon DT, Grantham-McGregor S. Effects of
missing breakfast on the cognitive functions of school children of differing
nutritional status. Am J Clin Nutr 1989;49: 64653.
Carroll J. A model
of school learning. Teachers Coll Rec 1963;64:723-44.
Entwisle DR, Dauber SL. First-grade classroom behavior: its short- and long-term
consequences for school performance. Child Dev 1993;64 801 -14.
DA, Levitan M, Wilson VA. Nervousness in school children as related to hunger
and diet. Med Rec 1931;134:494-9.
Keister ME. Relation of mid-morning
feeding to behavior of nursery school children. J Am Diet Assoc 1950;
Benton E, Brett V, Brain PF. Glucose improves attention and
reaction to frustration. Bio Psychol 1987;24:95-100
Galler JR, Ramsey
F. Solimano G. Lowell WE. The influence of early malnutrition on subsequent
behavioral development. II. Classroom behavior. J Am Acad Child Psych
Richardson SA, Birch HG, Grabie E, Yoder K. The behavior
of children in school who were severely malnourished in the first two years of
life. J Health Soc Behav 1972;13:27684.
Sigman M, Neumann C, Jansen
AAJ, Bwibo N. Cognitive abilities of Kenyan children in relation to nutrition,
family characteristics, and education. Child Dev 1989; 60:1 463-74.
Wachs TD, Bishry Z. Moussa W. Yunis F. McCabe G. Harrison G. Sweifi E,
Kirksey A, Galal O. Jerome N. Shaheen F. Nutritional intake and context as
predictors of cognition and adaptive behavior of Egyptian school age children.
Int J Behav Dev 1995;18:425-50.
McDonald MA, Sigman M, Espinosa MP,
Neumann CG. Impact of a temporary food shortage on children and their mothers.
Child Dev 1994; 65:404-15.
Chandler AK, Walker SP, Connolly K,
Grantham-McGregor SM. School breakfast improves cognitive function in
undernourished Jamaican children. J Nutr 1995;125:894900.
Drizd TA, Johnson CL, Reed RB, Roche AF. Growth curves for children, birth-18
years. Hyatsville, Md, USA: DHEW Pub. No. 78-1650, National Center for Health
Statistics, 1977; Ser. 11:165,1-74.
Must A, Dallal GE, Dietz WH.
Reference data for obesity: 85th and 95th percentiles of body mass index
(wt/ht2) and triceps skinfold thickness. Am J Clin Nutr 1 991
Cohen J. A coefficient of agreement for nominal scales. Educ
Psychol Meas 1960;20:3746.
Himes JH. Reliability of anthropometric
methods and replicate measurement. Am J Phys Anthropol 1989;79: 77-80.
Clarke NMA, Grantham-McGregor SM, Powell C. Nutrition and health predictors
of school failure in Jamaican children. Ecol Food Nutr 1991;26:1-11.
Walker SP, Grantham-McGregor S. Himes JH, Williams S. Bennett F. Nutritional
and health determinants of school failure and dropout in adolescent girls in
Kingston, Jamaica. Research Report Series No. 1. Washington, DC: International
Center for Research on Women, 1994.
Velleman PF, Hoaglin DC.
Applications, basics and computing of exploratory data analysis. Boston, Mass,
USA: Duxbury Press, 1981.
Cohen J. Statistical power analysis for the
behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ, USA: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates,
Harbison RW, Hanuskek EA. Educational performance of the
poor. Lessons from rural northeast Brazil. New York: Oxford University Press,
Rosenfield P. Lamber NM, Black A. Desk arrangement effects on
pupils' classroom behavior. J Ed Psych 1985; 77:101-8.
The physical environment of the school. A review of the research. Rev Ed Res